Student Creative Arts and Research Symposium | 2019

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TWU's Creative Arts and Research Symposium highlights the research and scholarly activities of undergraduate and graduate students, across many departments and colleges. In addition to the platform and poster presentations by TWU students, the student symposium features special sessions showcasing student research, the Chancellor's Student Research Scholars, the scholarship of the graduate council awardees, and a keynote speaker.

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Now showing 1 - 20 of 47
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    Molecular glasses from the organic chemistry teaching laboratory to our daily life
    (2018) Little, Lindsay; Simmons, Emily; Salazar, Gustavo
    Our current quotidian lives are surrounded by a plethora of solid materials built by an enormous chemical repertoire. These collection of materials are made with well-known chemical species such as metals, minerals, polymers, organic materials and ceramics, to name a few. Moreover, novel technologies and techniques have allowed scientists to synthesize and develop more complex materials that include nanostructures, smart gels, and the liquids crystals found in flat screens. However, less attention has been placed on a very interesting category of solids named “Molecular Glasses.” Furthermore and despite a hefty effort since the 1960s, these “amorphous” solids have not been in the spotlight as much as their classic counter-part. This project shows how molecular glasses are hidden in plain sight by presenting the thermophysical properties of chemicals found in our daily life and in the organic chemistry laboratory.
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    Exploring gender differences in the praise and punishment of children
    (9/20/2019) Woodson, Alexandra Faye; Rosen, Lisa
    Praise and punishment serve as a framework for children to learn about themselves and their environment (Etaugh & Bridges, 2018). Several studies indicate that praise and punishment can impact a child’s motivation, academic success, and self-perception (Corpus & Lepper, 2007; Karniol & Aida, 1997). The purpose of this research was to examine factors that influence how adults praise and punish children with an emphasis on gender differences and adult language use (Martin & Halverson, 1983; Rudman & Phelan, 2010). Participants were given a vignette depicting a child (male or female) preforming a prosocial behavior or misbehavior. The study found there to be no significant gender differences in how participants praise and punish children. However, results suggest that adult’s gender attitudes may predict how participants praise female children.
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    Executive function interventions for students with autism spectrum disorders
    (2018) McDaniel, Lisa Koenig
    Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may also have deficits in their Executive Function (EF) abilities. These deficits can manifest in problem behaviors that can disrupt learning (Freeman, Locke, Rotherman-Fuller, & Mandell, 2017). Teachers could consider interventions that address behavior concerns within the classroom.
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    Understanding mental illness
    (2019) Johnson, Latoya; Gillum, Nerissa LeBlanc
    In 2016, the number of adults who were diagnosed with a mental illness was 44.7 million which is almost 1 in 5 adults. This presentation will focus on understanding causes, effects, and treatments along with discussion of actionsfor practice and research. (Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Nerissa Gillum)
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    A quality improvement initiative: Motivations and barriers to hospital nursing employee participation in workplace wellness program
    (2019) Bagh, Rose
    Purposes: To increase physical activity and reduce the incidence of preventable chronic diseases among hospital employees by identifying potential barriers and motivators towards effective participation in wellness programs. Background: On average, Americans working full‐time spend more time at the workplace. The workplace is an ideal setting for health promotion activities because of the amount of time people spend at work. A study from Truven Health Analytics reports that hospital employees are less healthy than the general workforce and cost more in healthcare spending. Method: A one‐time anonymous REDCap survey questionnaire will be distributed to advanced practice providers and nursing staff who are engaged in clinical services for a voluntary participation. Administrative and non‐clinical nursing staffs are excluded from the survey. An easy access to wellness programs and incentives will promote participation is a possible expected outcome. Keywords: Workplace wellness, workplace health promotion, hospital employee participation, barriers, incentives, motivators, chronic diseases.
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    Weaving dance: Andean textiles and movement
    (2019) Pacheco Orcasitas, Claudia
    This poster describes a dance research project conducted as part of the Experiential Student Scholars Program. The project looked to Andean textile art for choreographic ideas. I used three research methods: fieldwork, literature review, and studio work. During the fieldwork, I learned about the Nazca textiles’ iconography and the backstrap weaving technique. In the literature review, I surveyed sources related to Andean textiles and dance, finding two movement concepts, symmetry vs. asymmetry and tension vs. release. I explored these concepts using improvisation and imagery while working at the studio. To study tension vs. release, I used a piece of elastic band to sense the tensional forces between two bodies. To explore symmetry vs. asymmetry, I employed an iconographic design on the floor, using white‐dough tape. The design provided points of reference in the space, which assisted dancers in the generation of movement. The final product was a 3‐ minute duet.
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    Developing mastery: Building a tool for tracking progress on professional competencies in the MLS program
    (2019) O'Neill, Ashley; Perryman, Carol L.
    Over the course of their enrollment in a new grant‐funded scholarship program (Transforming Libraries into Community Anchors in Rural Texas, or TLCART), 20 carefully selected students in small, rural Texas communities will earn library degrees at the TWU School of Library and Information Studies (TWU SLIS) while learning to become facilitators and partners of community change. To support their self‐assessment through the program, and encourage individual ownership of career growth, we created a professional competencies tracker based on the American Library Association Competencies. Students are asked to self‐evaluate, identifying areas of desired development, at the conclusion of each semester in the two‐year program. In the process, each will take responsibility for their future as lifelong learners, identifying specific needs and methods for development. This pilot effort is being tested with the TLCART cohort to assess its usability for the overall Master’s program in Library Science.
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    Improving nursing competency in teaching self-care management to patients with heart failure
    (2019) Babu, Sherin; Oquin, Lois Gordon
    Heart failure is a key cause of mortality and morbidity in the globe that affect 26 million people in the world. Scientific improvements have provided successful interventions to abate adverse results in heart failure, especially in patients with decreased left ventricular ejection fraction. Regrettably, productive therapiesfor heart failure are usually not exploited in effective, safe, timely, equitable, patient‐centered means. Additionally, the risk of adverse results for heart failure remains prevalent. The past decades have seen increasing efforts to evaluate and enhance the quality of care and outcomes of patients with heart failure. The purpose of this project is to review improving nursing competency in teaching self‐care management to patients with heart failure. While attempting to achieve this purpose, this project will apply the Donabedian model to provide the initial framework for performance assessment and improvement in health care.
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    Role of the clinician in remote patient monitoring: Skills development through curriculum
    (2019) Perkins, Jasmine; Tietze, Mari; McElreath, Devin
    Healthcare spending is increasing exponentially secondary to unstable and ineffective chronic disease management. Remote patient monitoring (RPM) is of key interest to address related health disparities. Purpose: The purpose of this project is to explore the educational needs of clinicians and suggest how to build RPM curriculum that supports clinicians. Project Description Utilizing a popular nursing education model where data management, technology, patient safety/quality and nurses’ roles intersect, this project will identify tailored solutions that are essential to providing this quality service. The project will also explore reduction of the associated per capita cost. Methodology: Proposed RPM curricula will be created by student and faculty, then validated by subject‐matter experts and other evaluations. Clinical expertise, data analytics, industry characteristics, and roles development will represent the concepts‐based curriculum components. Results Clinician effectiveness using RPM, patient satisfaction with RPM, and reduction in costs will be targets for successful implementation
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    Effects of mindfulness and experiential avoidance on stroop task response time
    (2019) Burditt, J.M.; Guillen-Espinosa, A.J.; Pham, H.T.; Phipps, D.D.N.
    This study aims to examine the potential effects of mindfulness and experiential avoidance on stroop tasks. Mindfulness is the conscious awareness of nonjudgmental processing of the internal and external stimuli while experiential avoidance is the attempt to ignore negative processing of internal stimuli (e.g., contradicting sentences, trauma, procrastination, etc.). The stroop effect, as defined in the literature, is the idea of task‐irrelevant automatic processing, which takes place before task‐relevant processing (e.g., reading words before its color). Participants in this study include 82 students from a cognitive psychology course at a public university in the south. All participants completed demographic questionnaires and several other measures online pertaining to the aforementioned focus. Data on levels of mindfulness and experiential avoidance were first collected, after which participants were then asked to complete the stroop effect tasks. Data analysis will be conducted in SPSS, and results, discussion, and conclusion will follow.
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    Play therapy and academic achievement: Evolution and application of researched practice
    (2019) Carroll, Nicole; Maher, Helen
    The purpose of this research presentation is to present recent research on play therapy and academic achievement in populations of at‐risk and normal functioning students. These studies include both long‐term and short‐term play therapy methods. Using a population of elementary school students, short‐term play therapy studies demonstrate the variety of impact that in‐school play therapy can have for students. This includes the impact of short‐ term play therapy on child academic achievement, and self‐ regulation with academically at‐risk students. Studies have shown the impact of bi‐weekly short‐term play therapy on academic performance in at‐risk students, as well as bi‐weekly short‐term play therapy on academic performance in normal functioning students. Additionally, short‐term play therapy with normal functioning students demonstrated improvement in both performance anxiety and academic achievement. Studies which use long‐term play therapy methods include improvement in overall academic performance for normal‐functioning students and improvement in academic achievement scores for academically at‐ risk students
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    Health information sources that deafened adults with high perceived risk of cancer trust and use: A pilot study
    (2019) Hinson-Enslin, Amanda M.; Massey-Stokes, Marilyn
    Understanding health‐information seeking behaviors (HISB) can help guide health interventions to improve health and well‐being, particularly among special populations and those with high perceived cancer risk (HPCR). Little is known about the HISB of deafened adults with HPCR; therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine: HISB of deafened adults with HPCR, which HI sources deafened adults with HPCR trust, and whether there is a relationship between deafened adults with HPCR and their HISB. Data from the Health Information National Trends Survey 4 Cycle 3 were analyzed. Results revealed that participants first sought HI from the internet and then from healthcare professionals. Nevertheless, participants reported that their most trusted HI sources were doctors. There was no significant relationship between PCR status and degree of trust in HI sources. Healthcare professionals and health educators should be culturally sensitive and provide accessible HI for the deafened population, including those with HPCR
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    Making sense of Bloom's Taxonomy using sign language
    (2019) Jennings, Sarah; Floyd, Ariel; Navarrete, Paloma
    Bloom's Taxonomy is used in education as a pedagogical tool to help learners reach higher levels of critical thinking. This presentation is an explanation of Bloom's Taxonomy using the lens of Deaf culture. All three authors are studying Deaf education, which allowed them to turn their understanding of higher order thinking skills and sign language into a blended medium.
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    Training non-math majors in the TI innovator system to use with deaf/hard -of-hearing students
    (2019) Jennings, Sarah
    The purpose of this study is to discover if educators that are not mathematically inclined can successfully use mathematic technology in the classroom. To test thisspeculation, TWU students who expressed no interest in mathematics were trained in the TI Innovator System. The TI Innovator System is a modern graphing calculator that has the capabilities to code and perform specific functions. Users are able to make the rover light up, produce sounds, move, draw shapes, detect motion, etc. Questions addressed include, "Did the non‐math educator successfully teach a student to replicate a function on the TI Innovator System?," "Were the studentssuccessful in their use of TI Innovator System?," and "Were the math majors more successful in their use of the TI Innovator System than the non‐math students?"
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    Investigations of the Fitzhugh-Nagumo neuron model
    (2019) Lobb, Michelle
    Neurons are cells in the body that transmit information to the brain and the body by amplifying an incoming stimulus (electrical charge input) and transmitting it to neighboring neurons, then turning off to be ready for the nextstimulus. These cells also have fast and slow mechanisms to open ion channels in response to electrical charges. Voltage‐gated channels exist for each kind of ion, which open and close in response to voltage difference. If the electrical excitation reaches a sufficiently high level, called an action potential, the neuron fires and transmits the excitations to other neurons. In this work we are modeling neuron action by a nonlinear system of differential equations and investigating properties of our model analytically and numerically to demonstrate its behavior. This work will help individuals studying neuroscience, biology, and/or psychology correlate neural behavior with mathematical models.
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    A family-based intervention targeting childhood obesity among Ghanaian immigrants: Quality improvement project
    (2019) Asomani, Gladys; Abraham, Annie
    Childhood obesity and overweight are said to have a significant effect on physical health, social, and psychological consequences. Most parents do not identify their children as obese or overweight due to their understanding of childhood obesity. Obesity in the Ghanaian culture is viewed as a positive implication in life; therefore the, QI project is centered on providing knowledge to impact behavioral change regarding obesity. This QI project of a family‐based intervention targeting childhood obesity among Ghanaian immigrants using diet and physical activity approach will help to bring awareness and a behavioral change. The specific target population for this project will be Ghanaian mothers who reside in the United States ages 21 to 43 years. The instrument to be used in this project is the Family Eating, and Activity Habits Questionnaire (FEAHQ) categorized into four phenomena including activity level, eating style, Eating‐related to hunger and stimulus exposure.
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    Foam rolling as a short term recovery intervention during submaximal quadricep fatigue protocol
    (2019) Manning, Randall; Avalos, Marco; Tuttle, Noelle; Kwon, Young-Hoo
    Foam rolling is the practice of applying pressure onto a muscle through a dense cylinder. This technique has been gaining popularity among CrossFit and other athletic endeavors, but is still not fully understood. This study will observe the effects of passive rest against foam rolling in an acute situation between bouts of exercise. The participants will perform a strenuous leg extension exercise with both their dominant and non‐dominant legs. The peak power and torque will be collected before and after using either passive rest or foam rolling as a recovery method. The purpose of the study is to compare the peak power and torque between bouts of exercise utilizing passive rest or foam rolling as recovery interventions. It will provide information on the optimal use of foam rolling in athletics, and may impact the recovery and maintenance of performance for athletes.
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    Development and application of an occupational well being inventory
    (2019) McClure, Rachel
    Introduction: The theory of Occupational Wellbeing (OWB; Doble & Santha, 2008) outlines pleasure, renewal, accomplishment, affirmation, coherence, companionship, and agency as needs which contribute to occupational wellbeing. Methods: We designed a three part study to: 1) develop and establish validity for an Occupational Wellbeing Inventory (OWBI), 2) use the OWBI to determine the impact of leisure activity on occupational wellbeing among college students, and 3) determine the impact of craft kits on the occupational wellbeing of service members. Results: Preliminary analysis of surveys in phase two (n = 72) offered promising results. Significant positive correlations existed among all subscale and all loaded on a single factor which we identified as occupational wellbeing. Results are pending regarding phase three data. Conclusions: The OWBI has good construct validity. Data collection for the impact of craft kits on the occupational wellbeing of military service members is underway.
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    A healthy diagnosis
    (2019) Triplett, Courtney
    Multiple sclerosis is a disease that has affected men and women of all ages over the years. Even with there being no cure, ongoing research is bringing us closer and closer to that reality. Medication is still in the advancing stage, but it still comes with a few, potentially dangerous and harmful side effects. Along with medication, it is known that a healthier diet/lifestyle can produce just as positive, if not a more positive outcome regarding this disease. To help with the positivity, many support groups, for all ages and genders, are around to help those diagnosed to get through this hard time and provide as much information as they can. Those who are suffering from this disease, with their best efforts, are working on keeping a positive outlook as research continues to find a cure for multiple sclerosis.
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    A screen for modulators of N-end rule pathway
    (2019) Dasgupta, Rinki; Kasu, Yasar; Brower, Christopher
    Arginyl‐tRNA‐protein transferase (ATE1) is responsible for the posttranslational transfer of arginine onto proteins bearing N‐terminal acidic amino acids. The N‐end rule pathway of the ubiquitin proteasome system recognizes proteins bearing N‐terminal hydrophobic or basic amino acids such as arginine. These Nterminal amino acids function as degradation signals called Ndegrons. We discovered that ATE1 is required for the degradation of TDP43247, a specific fragment of the human TDP43 protein associated with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and other forms of dementia. Here, we generated a fluorescent GFP reporter bearing the N‐degron of TDP43247 (247‐ DLIIKGISVHISNAEPK‐263) which elicits a “digital response” with respect to degradation by the N‐ end rule pathway. Using this reporter, we are developing a highly sensitive, cell‐based screen to identify chemical or genetic modifiers of the N‐end rule pathway. Ultimately, this work may offer therapeutic potential in treating neurodegeneration.