English, Rhetoric, & Spanish

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    Dual credit at your doorstep: What you need to know
    (Magna Publications, 2023-09-08) Hoermann-Elliott, Jackie; Johnson, Tanisha; Figueroa, Jorge
    In 2019, the US Department of Education reported that one in every three American high school students participates in dual enrollment courses (Shivji & Wilson, 2019), a number expected to rise in the coming years. Texas is one such state where rapid expansion is underway. From 2000-2017, a sharp 753% increase of students enrolled in dual credit courses was observed, representing 10% of all students enrolled in Texas higher education (THECB, 2018). Not only is dual credit growing rapidly, it’s playing a critical role in bridging the educational achievement gap by offering college coursework opportunities to high school students, many of whom lack access to such transformative academic programming.
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    XI The Eighteenth Century
    (Oxford University Press, 2023-06) Turner, Joseph; Milne, Fiona; Carver, Dylan; Bender, Ashley
    This chapter has four sections: 1. General and Prose; 2. The Novel; 3. Poetry; 4. Drama. Section 1 is by Joseph Turner; section 2 is by Fiona Milne; section 3 is by Dylan Carver; section 4 is by Ashley Bender.
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    12 years later, displaced Syrian women remain unheard
    (Columbia University, 2023) Abunasser, Rima
    Nearly 12 years since the beginning of the Syrian civil war crisis, more than 6.7 million people continue to be internally displaced, with more than 5.4 million Syrian refugees registered as refugees in neighboring countries. Of the Syrians displaced globally, nearly two thirds are women, and despite anecdotal stories of individual survival and success, their circumstances remain dangerously precarious. Moreover, the views and lived experiences of Syrian refugee women are rarely incorporated in research, service provision, and policy design – a situation largely unchanged since early in the crisis. Syrian women are at the intersection of multiple precarities, and rendered invisible in the global narrative and even more vulnerable to various forms of gender-based discrimination and violence. It is incumbent upon researchers, activists, politicians, and humanitarians to center displaced Syrian women’s experiences and narratives and to build more constructive coalitions that would lead to truly durable solutions.
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    Traditions of western rhetoric and Daesoon Jinrihoe: Prolegomena to further investigations
    (Daesoon Academy of Sciences (DAOS), 2022) Fehler, Brian
    Applying the long and distinguished heritage of rhetorical theory to any sacred text, such The Canonical Scripture of Daesoon Jinrihoe, could fill many volumes of many books. This study, then, will provide some suggestive prolegomena for directions rhetorical criticism of the Scripture can take, now and in future research. This study will, further, make necessarily broad strokes in order to familiarize audiences and scholars of new Korean religions, and Eastern thought generally, with Western, both ancient and more modern, modes of rhetorical thought. As rhetorical criticism is increasingly embraced by Western religious scholarship, and as comparative religious studies remain an important dimension of textual scholarship, this article will contribute to both areas by presenting perhaps the first rhetorical-critical approach to the sacred scriptures of Daesoon Jinrihoe. When the new English translation of the Scriptures becomes available in the West, general and scholarly readers will be interested to find parallels and departures with religious and critical traditions with which they are already familiar (in this case, early American Protestant Calvinism). This study will make contributions, then, to the areas of rhetorical-religious criticism, comparative East-West presentations of nature within scriptural contexts, and establishment of grounds for further comparative investigations of Western traditions and Daesoon Jinrihoe.
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    Flannery O’Connor, Richard M. Weaver, and midcentury conservative critiques of social science discourse
    (Center for the Study of Christian Values in Literature: Brigham Young University, 2020) Fehler, Brian
    In her fiction and correspondence, Flannery O'Connor demonstrates particular disdain for secular social scientists, including such supposedly well-meaning people as Rayber in The Violent Bear It Away and Sheppard in "The Lame Shall Enter First." O'Connor, who majored in social sciences while in college, wrote to her longtime correspondent Betty Hester years later, "In college I read works of socialscience, so-called. The only thing that kept me from being a social-scientist was the grace of God and the fact that I couldn't remember reading the stuff but a few days after reading it" ( Collected Works 905). It may be unclear whether the "so-called" in O'Connor's letter refers to the social sciences in general or to the works she had been assigned. In either case, O'Connor certainly seems to have held the work of social scientists in contempt. But why should that be the case? The Catholic Church certainly has a long history of advocating for the improvement of conditions in this world, while still preparing for the next. O'Connor, who trains her "rage of vision" on the Church as well as on secular society, reports, for example, the mixed results of a Jesuit's social advocacy in "The Displaced Person," but undoubtedly she reserves her sharpest criticism for those socially conscious individuals outside the Church.
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    Flannery O’Connor’s Hazel Motes as Sacred Rhetorician
    (Center for the Study of Christian Values in Literature: Brigham Young University, 2016) Fehler, Brian
    Hazel Motes, a peculiar character even among Flannery O'Connor's cast of eccentric characters, stands out among the rest because of his extreme introspection. Many O'Connor characters are alike in their desire to flaunt their odd but cherished attitudes and behaviors. But Hazel represents something else. He is a young man recently returned from war, yet his psychological peculiarities seem to have preceded that war. While Hazel, one may imagine, did not appear as an average soldier, he seems nevertheless not to have acquired any more scars in the war than he did anywhere else in his life. No, the "haunting" of Hazel Motes comes from something else (Seel 68), from, as O'Connor writes in the preface to the tenth-anniversary edition of Wise Blood (1949), "the ragged figure who moves from tree to tree in the back of his mind" ("Author's" 1265). Strangely enough, this "ragged figure" seems to push Hazel toward the city, toward spectacle-filled, circus-like Taulkinham, a city where there seems to be a place for anyone and anything- anyone except Hazel, that is.
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    ‘Sex variants’ were everywhere
    (The Gay & Lesbian Review/Worldwide, 2020) Fehler, Brian
    The Supreme Court's recent decision in Bostock v. Clayton County outlawed employment discrimination based on sexual orientation for all Americans. Yet amid the justifiable jubilation surrounding that decision, an important scientific history lesson for our community has gone overlooked. In an amicus brief filed with the Court in the case, a group of gay and lesbian historians cited a scientific work that's been mostly forgotten in the eight decades since it was published. Even more thoroughly forgotten, and unmentioned in the historians' brief, were the contributions to that study by a lesbian named Jan Gay whose work and passion made the whole project possible.
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    Recovering the rhetorical tradition: George Campbell’s Sympathy and its Augustinian roots
    (BYU ScholarsArchive, 2015) Fehler, Brian
    The year 1776 saw the production of two important documents of the Enlightenment: the US Constitution and George Campbell's The Philosophy of Rhetoric. Both documents were products of Enlightenment thought, and both demonstrate the conflicting attitudes in the era toward the rhetorical use of emotional appeals. Recent scholarship by John Witte examines the religious roots of the anti-emotionalist rhetoric expressed by Federalist politicians in the Constitutional era and in particular the influence of the Calvinist clergy of New England, with their "Puritan covenantal theory of ordered liberty and orderly pluralism:' Like the Federalists who were in charge of the new US government, the Calvinists of New England not only celebrated the victory achieved in the Revolution but also worked to ensure that the new American republic did not descend into the kind of chaos that later consumed revolutionary France.
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    Going global without going abroad
    (Diversity Abroad, 2021) Bender, Ashley; Busl, Gretchen
    This essay is rooted in the belief that thinking “globally” does not always mean “internationally” and that global awareness begins with self-awareness. Often the idea of “global citizenship” remains abstract to students, and previous efforts to create global curricula suggest that students need more than theoretical knowledge to “develop their own agency as responsible actors in the world” (Sperandio, Grudzinski-Hall, & Stewart-Gambino 2010). Our National Endowment for the Humanities funded project, “Building Global Perspectives in the Humanities’’ (2018-2020), intentionally brought these ideas together to expand the quantity and quality of our institution’s global learning opportunities. **For more information, please visit Diversity Abroad and The Global Impact Exchange at https://www.diversitynetwork.org/GlobalImpactExchange
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    Fictions of circulation and the question of world literature
    (Southern Illinois University, 2020) Busl, Gretchen
    The question "what is world literature?" is not a new one, but it is one that has seen considerable debate over the last twenty years. The scholarly discourse around this question has increased in urgency, arguably a result of the increased rhetoric surrounding the many competing notions of globalization. While traditional notions of "world literature" as a canonical body of texts have certainly fallen by the wayside, the answer to this question remains a matter of much dispute. Is world literature a discipline? Is it a methodology? Is it a mode of writing? This special issue makes no claims to provide another new definitive answer to this question; instead, it aims only to suggest ways in which we might complicate the question itself.
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    Camping in the disciplines: Assessing the effect of writing camps on graduate student writers
    (University Press of Colorado, 2020) Busl, Gretchen; Donnelly, Kara Lee; Capdevielle, Matthew
    In the past ten years, an increasing number of universities have begun organizing writing “camps,” or full-week immersion experiences, in an effort to address the increased need to support graduate student writing. Outside of anecdotes and testimonials, we have previously had very little data about these camps’ success. This study, conducted over the course of three such camps, attempts to address this lack of data by measuring graduate student writing confidence levels and self-regulation efforts both before and after attendance. An analysis of our preliminary results suggests that writing camps that include process-oriented programming result in small but meaningful improvements in attitudes and behaviors that positively affect graduate student writing.
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    El documental sin fin: filmar al desaparecido
    (Valencian Institute of Cinematography, 2017) Benner, William R.
    Since the early 2000s, the children of the disappeared have used cinema to question what it means to develop a culture of memory in spaces where terror was carried out as part of a State policy. This article focuses on the recent film productions of the post-dictatorship generation to analyze them from a perspective that combines notions of memory studies with the analysis of film techniques. The performative documentary Los rubios(2003) by Albertina Carri can be seen as the precursor of a narrative turn towards an institutional narrative on human rights, within which documentary film was a socio-political tool in post-dictatorship Argentina. Carri unbalances the objectivity of the documentary film genre and, most importantly, confronts the ethical implications of engaging in a politics of memory. This film opens the possibility that other post-dictatorship directors respond to the need to explore the immaterial consequences produced by disappearance. Responding to this call, the post-dictatorship filmmaker Jonathan Perel documents in El predio(2010) the transformation of an old concentration camp (the Escuela Superior de Mecánica de la Armada [ESMA]) into a space where memory is exerted in a performative way. Through his focus on the materiality of this space, Perel examines the inevitable limitations of a culture of memory and posits that the ESMA building remains a specter of terror. This paper analyzes the way in which both directors stimulate the imagination of the audience so that both the filmmakers and the public can reflect on the performative dimension of the documentary in the production and consumption of traumatic memories.
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    Representação da guerrilheira na literatura brasileira contemporânea: um território de disputas, repetições e apagamentos
    (Revista Olho d'água, 2020) Rodriguez Mooney, Angela
    Propomos por meio deste artigo investigar como a personagem guerrilheira é construída na literatura contemporânea brasileira. Consciente da amplitude dessa proposta, limitamo-nos à análise de algumas memórias e romances que recebem destaque nas discussões e estudos sobre a memória dos tempos ditatoriais no Brasil. São eles: As meninas (1973), O que é isso, companheiro? (1979), O crepúsculo do macho (1980), A chave de casa (2007), Soledad no Recife (2009), Azul-Corvo (2010) e K-relato de uma busca (2011). Nesse percurso, interessa-nos identificar sob quais signos essas mulheres duplamente transgressoras – que insurgiram não somente contra os aparatos violentos da repressão, mas também imprimiram em suas vidas uma ruptura radical em relação aos valores patriarcais que as obrigavam a permanecer no âmbito doméstico – são inscritas na memória cultural brasileira.
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    Aproximação à transexualidade na literatura contemporânea brasileira: o caso de Deixei ele lá e vim (2006), de Elvira Vigna
    (Latin American Literary Review Press, 2020-06-16) Rodriguez Mooney, Angela
    Este artigo analisa o trânsito da protagonista transexual Shirley Marlone no romance Deixei ele lá e vim (2006), de Elvira Vigna, por diversos espaços sociais, simbólicos e geográficos da cidade. De modo específico investigamos como essa representação permite ao leitor mapear relações de espacialidade e invisibilidade de pessoas transexuais. Defendemos que essas topografias literárias desenhadas pela autora trazem à tona lacunas e distorções de discursos hegemônicos sobre aqueles que transgridem as fronteiras do gênero e da sexualidade. Ao fazê-lo, a autora desestabiliza categorias essencializadas sobre os corpos e sujeitos, criando novos territórios simbólicos onde mulher transexual e suas experiências são visibilizadas e valorizadas.
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    Deslocamento e reconfiguração de espaço no cinema brasileiro: o caso de Linha de passe e Que horas ela volta?
    (American Portuguese Studies Association, 2020-05-28) Rodriguez Mooney, Angela
    In the present article, I examine Daniela Thomas and Walter Salles's Linha de passe (2008) and Anna Muylaert's Que horas ela volta? (2015). I argue that these films create new representational possibilities for subjects within contemporary Brazilian culture by breaking with the dominant model of the favela as a predominantly masculine space that is essentially "out of control." This renegotiation brings with it a valorization of the subjectivity of women who work in the city. I argue that this valorization takes place in both films through the physical displacement of those who traditionally do not enjoy subject status and yet dare to enter territories previously denied to them.
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    A ressignificação da corporeidade da mulher negra em Becos da memória, de Conceição Evaristo
    (International Association of Lusitanistas, 2021-05-05) Rodriguez Mooney, Angela
    Este artigo investiga a reescritura da corporeidade da mulher negra no romance Becos da memória, de Conceição Evaristo, publicado em 2006. Intenciona-se analisar a forma como o corpo e seus símbolos são representados no romance e como essas construções desestabilizam juízos morais e estereótipos que ancoram o corpo da mulher negra a um passado escravizado, criando novas territorialidades onde a subjetividade da mulher negra é visibilizada e valorizada.
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    The 36% problem
    (Springer Link, 2015-11) Scott, Gray
    Student learning assessments—from the institutional level to Academically Adrift—routinely overlook the ways that plagiarism and cheating may contribute to poor outcome performance. The blind spot is a curious one. Faculty have long warned students that they must complete work honestly if they are to learn. Cognitive research offers good reasons for such warnings: Students are unlikely to improve at skills or retain content unless they think their way through the work. Yet assessors speculating about below-expectation student performance rarely consider the role of academic integrity, and few surveys on teaching effectiveness inquire into integrity policies. Drawing on cognitive and behavioral research, this paper makes a case for giving academic integrity variables more attention in assessments and studies.