ItemCreation of an Unfolding High-Fidelity Simulation: Increasing Critical Thinking Skills in Nursing Students(2020) Pennington, HannahClinically-based high-fidelity simulation scenarios challenge nursing students and contribute to the development of critical thinking skills, which are necessary for the safe management of patient care and clinical decision making. In the wake of limited clinical site spots for students, simulation offers students the ability to practice skills as well as work through their thought processes in a safe environment with faculty assistance nearby if needed. This project outlines the development of a high-fidelity acute asthma exacerbation simulation scenario, including an implementation guide, evaluation checklists, and a debriefing guide, constructed to help determine the impact of an unfolding simulation on critical thinking skills in nursing students. To optimize realism, interprofessional collaborative efforts were carried out to include registered nurses, a pharmacist, and a physician in the scenario development and review. The next steps involve piloting the simulation with faculty and students before progressing the project to a research study. (Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Cecilia Elaine Wilson) ItemDecreasing Falls in Older Adults: Is Tai Chi a Solution?(2020) George, Melissa; Chrostowski, SusanAs the population ages, there is a growing need to identify initiatives to increase quality of life while also reducing the number of healthcare dollars spent. Per the Centers for Disease Control, falls in the older adult population are both debilitating and costly, thus methods to reduce falls and the risk of falls have been researched including the practice of tai chi. The purpose of this project was to complete a literature review of randomized control trials, systematic reviews, and meta analyses to discover if the practice of tai chi decreases the risk or fear of falling in the older adult population. Results of the review demonstrated that tai chi does provides protective benefits within this population. Due to the cost-effectiveness of tai chi and its protective nature, it is believed that its practice will lead to increased mobility in this population in the years to come. (Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Susan Chrostowski) ItemExploring Family Meals, Sleep and Media Use as Predictors of Childhood Overweight and Obese Status in Oklahoma: A Study from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health(2020) Holmes, Ahondju Umadjela; Golman, Mandy; Wiginton, Kristin; Amuta, AnnThe alarming and sustained prevalence of childhood overweight/obese status in the United States continues to generate research studies on risk factors and prevention approaches. Despite previous and current public health interventions in the U.S., Oklahoma ranks the 6th worst state in obesity with a third of children between 10 to 17 years being overweight or obese and one in five high school students being obese. This study analyzed a representative subsample of 347 participants from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) to determine which risk factors (family meals, sleep, and media use) were the most significant at predicting childhood overweight/obese status (DV) in Oklahoma. None of the predictors was determined to be the significant risk factor in predicting childhood overweight/obese status, which could be either that all predictors equally predict childhood overweight/obese status or that other factors related to the study design affected the results of this study. (Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Mandy Golman) ItemExploration in Imagination: The Walt Disney Silly Symphony Cartoons and American Animation in the 1930s(2020) Wagner, KendallAmerican animated cartoons were born with motion pictures, but they grew and changed dramatically in the era of the 1930s. The most important innovator was Walt Disney; his Mickey Mouse cartoons were wildly popular during the decade of the Great Depression. Although Mickey was culturally significant to Americans and was the cornerstone for the studio’s financial success, it was the lesser-known Silly Symphony cartoons that were the most essential in the development of animation. My presentation argues that without the existence of the Symphonies, American animation would not have developed as it had. The Symphonies acted as a testing ground for new techniques in animation like full-spectrum color and the multiplane camera. Ultimately, the Symphonies were responsible for elevating the art of animation in the 1930s, contributed to the launch of the animated film industry, and assisted in the creation of films and characters immortalized in the American collective memory. (Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Katherine Landdeck) ItemChanges in oral microbiome that affect human health(2020) Nguyen, JustinThe human oral cavity is home to a wide variety of unique microorganisms. Studies have shown that the human oral microbiome has a direct correlation to human health. The inhabitants of the human oral flora coexist together in order to ward off unwanted external factors. Even though the oral microbiome also has great adaptability and fluctuality to external and internal stimulus, there are physical and chemical changes that can cause a disruption in the oral microbiome which can lead to several oral diseases. The relationship between the microorganisms within the human oral flora and the host yields significant data on the wellness of oral health. This research will be focused on the human oral microbiome and its impact on oral health. (Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Laura Hanson) ItemVideo Self Modeling (VSM): Application of a Behavior Intervention(2020) Sunil, Hannah; Johnson, Wendi L.Video Self Modeling (VSM) is a socio-behavioral intervention founded on Bandura’s Social Learning Theory where children can view themselves being successful at a task. VSM is a powerful learning modality to evoke positive behavior change. By scaffolding supports such as role playing or direct instruction, and then editing out those supports, VSM allows individuals to view themselves being successful at a previously challenging task. Studies reveal how VSM has been receptive to children with intellectual and social deficits, and a variety of disability areas such as attention problems, learning challenges, and motor difficulties. Children seeing themselves being successful through VSM creates improved self-efficacy, higher confidence, and supports generalization across settings (Buggey, 2009). This poster will discuss the purpose of this multi-use intervention and how it has been applied through current research across disability areas. VSM can also be applied in the home or school setting. ItemChanges in American Attitudes toward Intermarriages With Blacks, Asians, Hispanics, and Whites(2020) Prost, Jonbita; Yang, Philip Q.This is the first comparative study of changes in the American public’s attitudes toward intermarriages with blacks, Asians, Hispanics, and whites. We tested our hypotheses using nationally representative samples from GSS 2000-2016. Our trend analyses reveal that, since 2000, approximately 70 percent or more of Americans have either strongly favored or favored, or held a neutral stand on, intermarriages with blacks, Asians, and Hispanics, but strong favor toward intermarriage with whites has declined. Our regression analyses show that, either including or excluding control variables, American attitudes have become generally more supportive of intermarriages with blacks, Asians, and Hispanics but less favorable toward intermarriage with whites in the twenty-first century, especially since 2008 and in the case of intermarriage with Hispanics since 2010. The results suggest that as American society becomes more diverse and educated, intermarriages, especially with racial or ethnic minorities, have gained wide acceptance, most likely reaching the point of no return. ItemEstablishing C. elegans as a model to study the function of vitamin A metabolism(2020) Joseph, Pamela; Everts, Helen; Gumienny, TinaRetinoids (vitamin A) are critical for cell development, maintaining a healthy immune system, regulating energy metabolism, and eyesight in mammals. In addition, abnormal levels contribute to obesity and cancer. While vitamin A plays these many roles, what is not well known is the impact of individual vitamin A metabolism genes at the cellular and tissue level. We discovered that the roundworm C. elegans may be an excellent model organism for this investigation because many genes are conserved. The results indicate that we have distinguished potential retinoid metabolism genes in these nematodes, some of which share phenotypes with their mammalian homologs. These genes include cellular retinol-binding proteins, retinol dehydrogenases, retinal dehydrogenase, cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins, and retinoic acid receptors. However, many of these genes in C. elegans and mammals have no known mutant traits. Future research in C. elegans will define the physiological relevance of altered and normal Vitamin A metabolism. ItemBlack Immigrant Women and Mental Health Group Therapy(2020) Abimbola, Deborah OlubunmiBlack immigrants constituted about 3.8 million population, with the majority migrating from Africa. Prior research has established that among African immigrants diagnosed with mental health disorders, African women were of the highest population; however, they are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems. This is due to their beliefs, stigma, poor access to treatment, lack of resources, and information about mental illness. African immigrant women find their coping strategies through religious leaders, traditional, and self-care means rather than clinical mental health treatment. Due to the significant amount of African women migrants in the United States, and their reluctance to seek professional treatment for mental health problems, this paper suggests that professional mental health group therapy be culturally competent to reduce healthcare disparities and improve access to mental health care among African immigrant women. ItemIdentifying Transformative Experiences: A Phenomenological Analysis of Nursing Students in a Study Abroad Course(2020) Ollive, Madison; Talleff, Jennifer; Espinoza, LuisPurpose: Identify the common discoveries and experiences of undergraduate nursing students who attended a faculty-led study abroad program. Background: Although evidence of the transformative nature of studying abroad exists, capturing specific elements and personal impact of studying abroad remains elusive. Reflective journaling is utilized to enhance students’ intrapersonal development and allow exploration of the real-time and future impact of studying abroad. ItemNeuronal Tract Tracing in the Rat Trigeminal Sensory System(2020) Rodriguez, EricaUnderstanding anatomical circuitries promotes the development of novel therapeutics to manage neurological pathologies. Tract tracing is a neuroanatomical approach that allows visualization of neural pathways. Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) is a transsynaptic tracer taken up by neurons and passed to other networked neurons. WGA can be conjugated to a fluorescent dye (WGA-488) to be observed with a microscope. The goal of our study was to develop methodology using WGA-488 to visualize connectivity of the sensory nerves of the face into brainstem nuclei. We injected various volumes of 1% WGA-488 into the rat cheek or the jaw joint. Post-mortem sensory ganglia and brainstem were collected 3- or 7-days later, sectioned, and analyzed with a microscope. We found that 50 μL WGA-488 was observed in the trigeminal ganglia and several brainstem nuclei at 3-days post-tracer injection. This methodology can now be used to characterize the functional neurochemistry of the orofacial sensory neurons. ItemAnalysis of Differing Issues Amongst Women Politicians(2020) Bates, ColeWomen politicians run for office at a lower rate than their male counterparts, but when they run they are more successful. However, there seems to be a gender gap amongst the platforms that these politicians choose to focus on. This paper is an examination of those issues across both parties. ItemA Meta-synthesis of Factors that Influence Parental Decisions Regarding Mandatory Vaccinations for Children in the U.S.(2020) Norris, Deanna; Spencer, BeckyParents who are vaccine-hesitant and/or refuse vaccines for their children have been on the rise. The CDC reported that the percentage of children between 2001 to 2015 who had no vaccinations by age 2 quadrupled. Understanding the motivations and concerns of parents who refuse vaccines or are hesitant about giving children vaccines is essential in order for improved communication by healthcare providers. A meta-synthesis was conducted using the American Psychological Association’s Journal Article Reporting Standards for qualitative meta-analytic literature reviews. A literature search resulted in 15 qualitative studies that met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Three themes were identified that revealed common parental concerns regarding vaccination of their children. Themes are described as questions that parents expressed across the articles reviewed including, 1. What do I believe? 2. Why so much pressure to vaccinate? and 3. Who will support me? Implications for clinical practice and research are proposed. ItemMitochondrial Biogenesis is Dysregulated in Thyroid Hormone Depleted Muscle Cells Despite Stimulatory Effects of Formoterol(2020) Zumbro, Emily L.; Guerin, Gena D.; Gordon, Ryan A.; White, Chase M.; McAdams, Dreanna M.; Sokoloski, Matthew L.; Nichols, David L., Ph. D.; Duplanty, Anthony A.Skeletal muscle (SKM) is an important regulator of metabolism with thyroid hormone (TH) being an important factor in mitochondrial biogenesis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore mitochondrial dysregulation in a hypothyroid In Vitro model and examine the influence of an exercise mimetic, formoterol, on this pathway. METHODS: SKM myoblasts were TH depleted (ThD), ThD plus formoterol stimulation (ThD+F), or control cells (CON) with total RNA extracted during mid-myogenesis (D4) and at terminal differentiation (D6). Gene expression for PGC-1α, TFAM, and NRF1 was analyzed by qPCR. RESULTS: ThD media resulted in reduced NRF1 and TFAM. ThD+F resulted in increased PGC-1α (regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis) but decreased expression of its downstream targets TFAM and NRF1. CONCLUSION: Formoterol increases initial stimulation of mitochondrial biogenesis (PGC-1α) but related downstream signaling is decreased by TH depletion (TFAM and NRF1). This suggests that overall exercise signaling may be impaired by Hypothyroidism. ItemDeaf/Hard-of-hearing Individuals in the Court System(2020) Watson-Love, Teyara; Watson-Love, KeyaraIndividuals who are Deaf/HH often face many barriers when they enter the criminal justice system. These barriers can occur at all stages of the legal process, including arrest, interrogation, courtroom hearings, trails, acquittal, probation, incarceration, and parole. This results from the denial of the proper communication modalities to interact with CJS officials, as few attempts are made to solve this language barrier. One of the most common impediments involves the right to effective counsel. Deaf/HH individuals may not be properly Mirandized, be able to contact a lawyer, or have a similar level of communication with their attorney as persons without a hearing impairment. When Deaf/HH individuals are not provided equal access in the criminal justice system, then justice has not been served. This project examines lawyers and legal services for Deaf/HH individuals, the courts, justice, and evolving court polices. ItemActive Learning Prioritization Exercise for Junior Nursing Students(2020) Meddaugh, NatalieIn response to the need to promote higher-level critical thinking and evidence-based practice education, a prioritization exercise was created for a class of Junior-level nursing students. The exercise will reinforce content, concepts, & implications for nursing regarding fluids, electrolytes, and atrial-based gas (ABGs) results in patients. Active learning blended with traditional learning allows the students to learn necessary content while utilizing critical thinking skills to increase the retention of information. During the exercise, students will be challenged to assess the fluid and electrolyte status of patients and prioritize which patients are the sickest. The exercise will also reinforce content involving labs and medications needed to treat alterations in fluids & electrolytes.