The effect of the fitnessgram on parents' opinion knowledge, and behavior regarding their child's physical fitness

King, Karen Kay Dean
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Students enrolled in selected Tulsa, Oklahoma, elementary, junior, and senior high schools were randomly selected for this study. Data were gathered by a survey instrument designed by the investigator and submitted to parents of the students, with 225 in the control group and 225 in the experimental group. A quasi-experimental pretest, posttest design was used, with hypotheses tested by multiple classification analysis of covariance. The .05 level of significance was established. Demographic data collected from subjects revealed that groups were comparable. Six hypotheses were tested to determine if the FITNESSGRAM affected parents of children involved in the project and if grade level of the child affected parents' responses. Data analysis indicated that scores on opinionnaires of the experimental group were significantly higher than control group scores. Grade level of children impacted parents' responses, with the greatest difference occurring among senior high students' parents. The FITNESSGRAM was ineffective in increasing parents' fitness knowledge. Regardless of grade level, there was no significant difference between experimental and control group scores. The fitness report card did little to encourage parents to take action to improve fitness levels. Responses to action statements indicated minimal behavior change.