Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 66
  • Item
    The relationship between physical activity, stress, and resilience in sexual and gender minority college students
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023) Peyer, Karissa; Hogg, Jennifer A.; Carlson, Lynette M.; Sa, Jaesin
    Objective To assess the role of sexual orientation and gender identity in the relationship between physical activity (PA), stress and resilience. Participants A nationally-representative sample of students (n = 91,718) from United States postsecondary institutions. Methods Students reported aerobic and strength training (ST) behaviors, stress, resilience, gender identity and sexual orientation. Moderated regressions examined the influence of gender identity and sexual orientation on the relationship between PA and stress or resilience. Results Men and heterosexual students reported higher PA and resilience and lower stress than did women, gender minorities, and sexual minorities. Significant moderation was found for women, queer students, bisexual students, trans women and lesbians in the various models. Conclusions Gender minority and sexual minority students display poorer levels of PA and mental health than cisgender and heterosexual counterparts, but this relationship varies by identity group.
  • Item
    Muscle damage, inflammation, and muscular performance following the physical ability test in professional firefighters
    (MDPI, 2023) Sokoloski, Matthew L.; Rigby, Brandon R.; King, George; Biggerstaff, Kyle D.; Irvine, Christopher J.; Bosak, Andrew; Gordon, Ryan; Zumbro, Emily L.; Clark, Cayla E.; Varone, Nicole L.; Crossland, Brett W.
    Proper monitoring of fatigue and muscular damage may be used to decrease the high levels of cardiovascular disease, overuse musculoskeletal injuries, and workers compensation claims within the profession of firefighting. The purpose of this study was to examine muscle damage, muscular fatigue, and inflammation responses following a typical firefighting shift. Twenty-four professional firefighters completed two Physical Ability Tests to standardize the tasks typically performed in a day of work, and to elicit similar physiological responses. Participants were then monitored for 48 h. Prior to, and 48 h following the Physical Ability Tests, participants were evaluated for changes in strength, power, range-of-motion, as well as blood markers including myoglobin and c-reactive protein. Following the Physical Ability Tests, significant differences in myoglobin (p < 0.05), grip strength (p < 0.05), vertical jump (p < 0.05), and sit-and-reach (p < 0.05) were observed. No difference in c-reactive protein was observed (p > 0.05). After 24 hours following a shift, firefighters exhibited decreased strength, power, and range-of-motion. This may lead to decreases in performance and an increased risk of injury.
  • Item
    Functional and biomechanical assessments of a matter of balance/volunteer lay leader model
    (Sage, 2014) Mehta, Ranjana K.; Liu, Jian; Shortz, Ashley E.; Yoshikawa, Aya; Lee, Shin D.; Pankey, Robert B.; Towne, Samuel D.; Smith, Matthew L.; Howell, Doris; Ory, Marcia G.
    The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of A Matter of Balance/Volunteer Lay Leader model (AMOB/VLL), an evidence-based falls prevention program, on improving balance and mobility. Twenty-eight community-dwelling older adults completed an eight-week AMOB/VLL program. Pre/post assessments of biomechanical and functional outcomes of balance during single and dual-task trials, as well as perceptions of fear of falling, were compared using pairwise t-tests and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Our findings suggest that while improvements in functional indicators of mobility and perception regarding fear of falling were observed, biomechanical and functional assessments specific to balance during the single-task trials remained unaffected by the intervention. Interestingly, the group exhibited improvements in biomechanical measures during the dual-task trials. Since AMOB/VLL primarily focuses on restructuring participants’ perceptions about falls and only includes generalized exercises, including balance-specific training within the program can potentially improve balance outcomes among older adults.
  • Item
    Pressurized device for mitigating atrophy in soleus during long-duration spaceflight
    (TopSCHOLAR®, 2023) Briones, Ramona Tovar; Sor, Kimhab; Diaz, Breandrea; Varghese, Dona; Easter, Benjamin; Alvis, Hunter; Rigby, Brandon R.
    A major concern with long duration spaceflight, skeletal muscle atrophy is most detrimental in lower limb musculature, particularly in muscles critical for proper gait, such as the soleus. The decline of muscle activation and the suppression of sensory input from plantar sole mechanoreceptors can add to the attenuation of skeletal muscle health during spaceflight. More specifically, inhibition of sensory input from sole receptors, such as with gravitational unloading, decreases selective activation, thereby negatively affecting muscle tone and inevitably resulting in lower limb atrophy.
  • Item
    The effects of equine-assisted therapy on gait in adults with Parkinson’s disease: A preliminary analysis
    (TopSCHOLAR®, 2023) Alvis, Hunter; Mori, Kanji; Levine, Nicholas A.; Martinez, Andrea; Sessums, Suzanne; Becker, Kevin; Roberts, Heather; Rigby, Brandon R.
    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive, neurological disorder caused by the destruction of dopamine-producing neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain. To treat motor symptoms of PD, individuals may choose alternative modes of exercise, such as equine-assisted therapy (EAT), to improve physiological health. PURPOSE: To determine changes in gait following 8 weeks of Equine Assisted Therapy (EAT) in older men with PD.
  • Item
    Comparison of cognitive performance following one hour of passive heating or walking in older adults: A preliminary analysis
    (TopSCHOLAR®, 2023) Clark, Cayla; Varone, Nicole; Flores, Alyssa; Mallillin, Joseph; Morse, Colby; Rigby, Brandon R.
    Moderate-intensity exercise increases measures of cognitive performance such as working memory and cognitive flexibility. Hyperthermia can result in declines in cognitive performance through reduced motor function and response inhibition. However, these results have been observed during cognitive performance in the heat while core temperatures remain elevated. Heat therapy may promote improvements in cognitive function after treatment similar to exercise training by inducing a stress-related response. The purpose of this study was to compare cognitive performance immediately following one hour of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or one hour of whole-body passive heating.
  • Item
    Anaerobic performance in female collegiate wrestlers during ovulation versus the mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle: A pilot study
    (TopSCHOLAR®, 2023) Varone, Nicole; Clark, Cayla; Morse, Colby; Mallillin, Joseph; Flores, Alyssa; Kreutzer, Andreas; Rigby, Brandon R.; Biggerstaff, Kyle
    Anaerobic performance may vary during different phases of the menstrual cycle. The greatest differences occur between the late-follicular phase (i.e., ovulation) and the mid-luteal phase. Optimal anaerobic performance may be observed during the mid-luteal phase.
  • Item
    The role of improved social support for healthy eating in a lifestyle intervention: Texercise Select
    (Cambridge University Press, 2020) Yoshikawa, Aya; Smith, Matthew Lee; Lee, Shinduk; Towne Jr., Samuel D.; Ory, Marcia G.
    Objective: We examined the measurement and mediating role of social support in dietary intake among participants in Texercise Select, an intervention for improving lifestyle behaviours.
  • Item
    Perceptions of a mobile phone-based approach to promote medication adherence: A cross-sectional application of the technology acceptance model
    (Elsevier, 2021) Appiah, Bernard; Kretchy, Irene Akwo; Yoshikawa, Aya; Asamoah-Akuoko, Lucy; France, Christopher R.
    Background: In several African and Asian countries, callers to mobile phones sometimes hear a song or message in place of the typical ringing sound. This application, called caller tunes, may offer a unique opportunity to promote medication adherence that is yet to be explored.
  • Item
    An analysis of health care team communication needs among younger vs older breast cancer survivors: Web-based survey
    (JMIR Publications, 2022) Dahlke, Deborah; Yoshikawa, Aya; McAdam, Molly; Malatok, Sharyn; Gonzales, Elaine D.
    Background: Prior studies indicate that the age of onset of breast cancer is an important element in considering communication between patients and the health care team. Younger women aged 45 and under diagnosed with breast cancer are often at a higher risk of being more vulnerable to psychosocial issues compared to older women aged 46 years and above. Few studies have examined age differences in patient perceptions of treatment-related discussion and communication during transition with their health care team.
  • Item
    Relationship between sleep and obesity among U.S. and South Korean college students
    (BMC, 2020) Sa, Jaesin; Choe, Siyoung; Cho, Beom-young; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Kim, Gyurin; Park, Chae-Hee; Chung, Joon; Choi, Yoojin; Nelson, Beatrice; Kim, Yongkyu
    Background: Little is known about the relationship between sleep and obesity in young adults, particularly college students. This study examined the relationship between sleep (i.e., sleep duration and quality) and obesity in a large and diverse binational sample of college students.
  • Item
    Sex differences in weight perception and weight gain among Black college students in the USA
    (The Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA), 2021) Lee, Jounghee; Sa, Jaesin; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Heimdal, James; Nelson, Beatrice; Cho, Beom-Young; Kwon, Elizabeth
    Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and to explore sex differences in body weight perceptions and correlates of weight gain among Black students at 2 historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) in the USA.
  • Item
    Prevalence and correlates of highly caffeinated beverage consumption among Korean adolescents
    (The Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency, 2021) Kwak, Ho-Kyung; Sa, Jaesin; Choe, Siyoung; Chaput, Jean-Phillipe; Chung, Joon; Cummings, Gayle; Lee, Jounghee
    Objectives: The purposes of this study were to (1) examine the multi-year prevalence of highly caffeinated beverage (HCB) consumption, (2) identify sex differences in the prevalence, and (3) investigate relationships between HCB consumption and behavioral characteristics in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents.
  • Item
    Effectiveness of obesity interventions among South Korean children and adolescents and importance of the type of intervention component: A meta-analysis.
    (Korean Pediatric Society, 2022) Choe, Siyoung; Sa, Jaesin; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Kim, Deokjin
    Background: Various interventions have been tested to prevent or treat childhood obesity in South Korea. However, the overall effect of those interventions is unclear, as very few reviews and meta-analyses were specific to Korean children and adolescents.
  • Item
    Regional disparities in healthy eating and nutritional status in South Korea: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2017
    (Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition, 2020-12) Lee, Jounghee; Sa, Jaesin
    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Concerns about regional disparities in heathy eating and nutritional status among South Korean adults are increasing. This study aims to identify the magnitude of regional disparities in diet and nutritional status among Korean adults who completed the 2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).
  • Item
    Assessment instruments used by adapted physical educators in Texas
    (Texas Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (TAHPERD), 2018) Johnson, Geoben; Kyugjin, Kim; Bittner, Melissa; Silliman-French, Lisa
    Assessment in adapted physical education (APE) is a complex, multi-faceted process that focuses on: (a) identifying whether or not a student qualifies for APE services; (b) developing appropriate goals; (c) implementing appropriate instructional activities; and (d) determining the most appropriate placement for students in physical education (PE) (Horvat, Block, & Kelly, 2007). PL108-446, Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) (2004) had a major impact (e.g., established guidelines for standardized assessments, alternative assessments, and reporting of students with disabilities) on the assessment procedures of students with disabilities. In the reauthorization of IDEIA, there were changes in reporting requirements on the progress made toward performance goals of students from every two years to every year. Furthermore, it is important to compare previous and current assessment practices used in APE settings to provide information about appropriate application for students with disabilities, and how it might affect student learning in APE (James, Griffin, & France, 2005; Redelius & Hay, 2010). Based on a review of previous literature, only one researcher has conducted a statewide investigation in Texas (Turney, 2000) to examine the most widely used assessment instruments by APE teachers before the federal updates to IDEIA in 2004.
  • Item
    Youth with and without educational disabilities in incarcerated settings in Texas: Are these students receiving appropriate physical education services
    (Texas Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (TAHPERD), 2012) Jackson, Dallas; Hilgenbrinck, Linda; Silliman-French, Lisa; Nichols, David; Goode, Sinah
    Numerous health and behavioral outcomes of schoolaged youth in the United States can be influenced through structured, comprehensive general physical activity classes. Based on a systematic evaluation of evidence, Strong, Malina, Blimke, et al. (2005) recommended, that all school-aged youth should participate daily in 60 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) that is enjoyable and developmentally appropriate. It was also suggested that this “can be achieved in a cumulative manner in school during physical education, recess, intramural sports, and before and after school programs” (p. 737). Various types of moderate to vigorous activity programming are particularly important for youth who are incarcerated.
  • Item
    Eligibility and instructional programs for students with disabilities provided with adapted physical education services
    (Texas Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (TAHPERD), 2008) Silliman-French, Lisa; French, Ron; Kinnison, Lloyd; Stephens, Tammy L.
    In addition to ensuring that all students with disabilities are provided a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) in a least restrictive environment (LRE), the 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) reiterates the importance of school personnel using appropriate assessment processes (Overton, 2006). Specifically, this law mandates that schools ensure that proper assessment procedures encompassing a variety of assessment techniques are followed when determining eligibility and planning instruction (IDEA, 2004). These measures were implemented to decrease inappropriate labeling and to ensure appropriate performance data were used to plan effective instructional programs based on the student’s strengths and weaknesses.
  • Item
    Appropriate physical education service for ALL students
    (Texas Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (TAHPERD), 2007) French, Ron; Silliman-French, Lisa; Buswell, Deborah
    Where as, all students, including those with disabilities, deserve appropriate, safe, and meaningful physical education instructional programs as identified by Texas Education Agency (2006) and that are reflected in the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE, 2005) standards.