Effective techniques for motivating middle school band students to practice
The purpose of this study was to identify the motivational techniques that are most effective in encouraging middle school band students to practice. A questionnaire was sent to middle school band directors in seven regions, as designated by Texas Music Educators Association. Out of 86 respondents, 81% (n = 68) reported using motivational techniques to encourage practicing, most frequently utilizing assessment, tangible rewards, competition, and encouragement as incentives. Student practicing guidelines were provided by 94% (n = 82) of the respondents, predominantly suggesting the implementation of a routine, having goals/plan, the use of practice logs, and decreasing tempo. Respondents indicated that parents could encourage their children to practice by providing them direction, listening to them play, and showing interest. Findings from this study provide middle school band directors greater insight into strategies to facilitate student practice.