Employees' perceptions of the worksite health climate

Date
1997-08-30
Authors
Bennett, Robin
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Abstract

This study examined employees' perceptions of the worksite health climate and possible differences between male and female perceptions, and health promotion program participants' and nonparticipants' perceptions. Constructs measured included interpersonal support, organizational support, and health norms. The W orksite Health Climate Scales (Ribisl and Reischl, 1993) were administered to 400 randomly selected employees of a medium-sized electronics manufacturing company in the Southwestern United States. Descriptive statistics and 1-tests were used to analyze the data on 124 completed surveys. Significant differences were found between men and women's perceptions regarding flexibility to exercise, support for healthy behaviors, job tension, and smoking norms. Significant differences were found between health promotion program participants' and nonparticipants' perceptions regarding job tension and antismoking attitudes. Overall scores on the W orksite Health Climate Scales were moderate. An extremely low mean score existed for the Health Information scale, and an extremely high mean score existed for the Pro-Exercise Attitudes scale.

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