Multitheoretical assessment with integrative and pure-form therapists: an exploratory study
The purpose of this study was to investigate the theoretical orientations and practices of therapists using two measures, the Multitheoretical List of Therapeutic Interventions (MULTI; McCarthy & Barber, 2009) and the Multitheoretical Strategies Rating Questionnaire (MSRQ; Roblyer & Harris, 2011). A multivariate analysis of. variance and discriminant function analysis was conducted to test for significant differences among integrative and pure-form therapists. In addition, a confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to determine goodness of fit between Brooks-Harris' (2008) Multi theoretical Psychotherapy (MTP) model and MULTI items. The sample consisted of 179 therapists, including both experienced professionals and graduate students, from a variety of therapeutic backgrounds. Eighty percent of the respondents considered themselves to be integrative/eclectic therapists. There was a statistically significant difference between theoretical orientation and therapeutic techniques used, with scores on the Cognitive, Behavioral, DBT, Person-Centered, and Psychodynamic scales of the MULTI being the best at distinguishing between cognitive, behavioral, and cognitive-behavioral theoretical orientations. There was no statistically significant difference between the repertoire of therapeutic interventions used by integrative and pure-form therapists. Lastly, an adequate model-data fit was found between the conceptual MTP model and MULTI items.