The effects of developmental music play on parent confidence and parent-infant interactions
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of training parents of hospitalized infants in developmental music play on parent confidence and on the amount and quality of interaction between the parents and the infants. The participants were 12 dyads of adult parents with legal guardianship of infants between 12–36 months of age. The control group received regular treatment programming for three days. The experimental group received three music therapy treatments in addition to regular treatment programming. The participants completed a pre- and post-treatment Toddler Care Questionnaire, and the primary nurse for each patient completed a Bethlehem Mother-infant Interaction Scale at the end of the day shift for three days during each pre- and post-treatment. Null hypotheses for the study were tested using a simple analysis of covariance for one treatment variable. The results indicated no statistically significant differences between the two groups.