Mechanisms for hiring discrimination of immigrant applicants in the United States

Date
2020
Authors
Lambert, Jason
Akinlade, Ekundayo Y.
Zhang, Peng
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Abstract

Purpose: Few studies examine how hiring discrimination can be an antecedent to the labor exploitation of immigrant workers. The main purpose of this paper is to advance the theoretical understanding of how the intersectionality of race and immigrant status affects differential hiring treatment, and how it affects job offers, job acceptance and hiring decision outcomes for immigrant job seekers.


Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws from theories on status and intersectionality, and literature on immigration labor and racial hierarchy, addressing the unequal power relations that underlie race and immigration status affecting the hiring process, to advance critical understandings of why immigrant job seekers accept positions where they may be exploited.


Findings: This paper provides a conceptual model to critically synthesize the complexity between race and immigrant status, and their effect on the experience of immigrant job seekers differently. Exploitation opportunism is introduced to better understand the mechanisms of hiring discrimination among immigrant job seekers to include the role of race, immigrant status, economic motivations and unequal power relations on the hiring process.


Practical implications: The framework for exploitation opportunism will help employers improve the quality and fairness of their hiring methods, and empower immigrant job seekers to not allow themselves to accept subpar job offers which can lead to exploitation.


Originality/value: The paper provides an original analysis of immigrant job seekers' experience of the hiring process that reveals the intragroup differences among immigrants based on race and status, and the decision-making mechanisms that hiring managers and immigrant job seekers use to evaluate job offers and job acceptance.

Description
Article originally published in Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 39(4), 395–417. English. Published online 2020. https://doi.org/10.1108/edi-08-2019-0218
Keywords
Intersectionality, Immigrants, Status, Exploitation, Categorization, Hiring discrimination
Citation
This is the post-print version of an article that is available at https://doi.org/10.1108/edi-08-2019-0218. Recommended citation: Akinlade, E. Y., Lambert, J. R., & Zhang, P. (2020). Mechanisms for hiring discrimination of immigrant applicants in the United States. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 39(4), 395–417. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.