The concerns of White fathers raising their biological Black/White biracial sons

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The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the concerns of White fathers for their Black/White biracial sons and the ethnic racial socialization practices they used with their sons. Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model was used to guide the research process. The two research questions were (1) What are the concerns of White fathers raising their Black/White biracial sons? and (2) What are the racial socialization practices of White fathers with their Black/White biracial sons? Ten White fathers were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for themes. Two themes resulted from the first research question: safety concerns when interacting with law enforcement and fear of discrimination. Four themes resulted from the second research question: talking about discrimination with son, talking to son about both of his racial/cultural heritages, exposing son to both of his racial/cultural heritages, and exposing son to diverse environments. The results of the study were compared to the literature discussed in chapter two and conclusions were drawn. The study’s strengths, limitations, recommendations for future research, and implications for policy and practice were presented.

Father-son relationship, Socialization