A comparison of Behavior Assessment System for Children -Second Edition Parent Rating Scale scores for children and adolescents with ADHD, traumatic brain injury, and high functioning autism
This research study was conducted with 192 children (8-21 years old) diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), High Functioning Autism (HFA), Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), and a control group. Specifically, scale scores on the Behavioral Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-2) Parent Rating Scale (PRS) were analyzed.the data used on the BASC-2 PRS include the following scales: Hyperactivity, Aggression, Conduct Problems, Anxiety, Depression, Somatization, Adaptability, Social Skills, Leadership, Functional Communication, Activities of Daily Living, and Attention Problems. Results indicated an overall multivariate effect of diagnosis on most of the BASC-2 scale scores. High Hyperactivity scores were associated with significantly problematic behavior on all other problem behavior, adaptive behavior, and attention problem scales. All adaptive scales were negatively correlated with Attention Problems. The analyses demonstrated a two-cluster as well as a three-cluster solution, although they did not demonstrate clustering by diagnostic group (ADHD, HFA, TBI, and control). Individuals from all diagnostic groups were represented in each cluster which reflected a different subtype or behavioral profile. The two-cluster solution featured the Normal Subtype and Overall At-Risk Subtype, while the three-cluster solution included the Normal Subtype, Adaptive Behavior/Attention Problems At-Risk Subtype, and the Clinically Significant Subtype. These subtypes provide an alternative way of viewing the behavioral strengths and weaknesses of a child which can aid in the developments of intervention to suit individual behavioral needs.