Human Development, Family Studies & Counseling

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Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
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    Racial disparities in the provision of pediatric psychosocial end-of-life services: A systematic review
    (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2022) Kara, Mashal; Foster, Sarah; Cantrell, Kathryn
    Background: When compared with White patients, racial and ethnic minorities experience greater barriers to quality end-of-life care. Each year, approximately 52,000 children die in the United States, yet little is known about the disparities in pediatric palliative care, especially when looking at psychosocial palliative care services such as those provided by child life specialists, social workers, and pediatric psychologists. Objectives: In an effort to consolidate and synthesize the literature on this topic for psychosocial professionals working with children and families confronting a life-threatening diagnosis, a review was conducted. Design: This work was a systematic review of several academic databases that were searched from January 2000 to December 2020 for studies exploring disparities in pediatric end-of-life services and written in English. Setting/Subjects: This review was conducted in the United States. The search yielded 109 articles, of which 16 were included for review. Measurements: Three psychosocial researchers independently reviewed, critically appraised, and synthesized the results. Results: Emerging themes from the literature (n = 16) include service enrollment, decision making, and communication. Results highlight a lack of research discussing psychosocial variables and the provision of psychosocial services. Despite this gap, authors were able to extract recommendations relevant to psychosocial providers from the medical-heavy literature. Conclusions: Recommendations call for more research specific to possible disparities in psychosocial care as this is vital to support families of all backgrounds who are confronting the difficulties of pediatric loss.
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    E(race)ing Mexican Americans: Why denying racial indigeneity constitutes white supremacy in family science
    (National Council on Family Relations, 2021-09) Verdin, Azucena
    The indigeneity of Mexican Americans has been erased by double colonization and the construction of the Mexican Other by Anglo settler colonists. Reducing Mexicanness to an ethnicity is a practice that reproduces racism and White supremacy by rendering invisible the complexities of mestizaje and mestiza/o identity in Family Science. Critical mestizaje can deepen Mexican Americans’ awareness of Indigenous ancestry, which is a repudiation of the deficit narrative of Mexican as perpetual invader.
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    “Why didn’t I speak up?” A Mexican American woman’s narrative of colorism
    (Colorism Project, Inc, 2022-07) Verdín, Azucena; Bush, Brookelyn; Torres, Maria
    The present study uses a single-case study approach to examine how colorism manifested in the narrative of a Mexican-origin woman living in a mixed-status, transnational family residing in a community situated along the U.S.-Mexico border. Few studies have examined phenotype stratification solely within a community where Mexican Americans are the majority ethnic-racial group. A case was constructed using demographic, interview, and video data for one participant supplemented by population-level statistics. Findings suggest phenotype stratification in Mexican American communities operates outside the Black-White racial paradigm and transcends skin tone. Three themes were found, including looking Mexican, racialized language, and seen but not named. Colorism may be difficult for Mexican Americans to articulate given its persistent elusiveness and has the potential to interfere with Mexican-origin parents’ ethnic-racial socialization goals. Mental health professionals and researchers can benefit from understanding how phenotypical differences within the Mexican-origin community interact with other indicators of social stratification (e.g., class, nativity/citizenship, language, accent) to create conditions that reward Whiteness under ostensibly race-neutral criteria.
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    Exploring parenting influences: Married African American fathers’ perspectives
    (NSUWorks, 2020-02-29) Murray, Felicia L.; Hwang, Shann Hwa
    This qualitative study sought to understand married, resident African American fathers’ perceptions about parenting influences. Specifically, this study explored fathers’ perceptions about sources and/or experiences that informed their approaches and attitudes about parenting. Social learning theory, the modeling and compensation hypothesis, as well as literature on the intergenerational transmission of parenting served as theoretical frameworks. Eight fathers participated in semi-structured interviews. One main theme and four subthemes emerged from the data. Findings indicated that a number of influences including but not limited to experiences from their family of origin informed current parenting approaches and attitudes.
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    Integrating a systemic paradigm when treating combat veterans with PTSD
    (Hilaris, 2017) Clayton Jones, Adam; Lucero, Rebecca
    Following their military service, as many as one-third of military veterans experience, PTSD from exposure to traumatic events associated with war (USA Department of Veterans Affairs (USDVA), 2016). In this commentary, the authors discuss the potential benefits of integrating systemic therapy in the treatment of PTSD in combat veterans.
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    Men’s experiences of miscarriage: A passive phenomenological analysis of online data
    (Taylor & Francis, 2019-05-22) Chavez, Megan Story; Handley, Valerie; Lucero Jones, Rebecca; Eddy, Brandon; Poll, Von
    Miscarriage is a pervasive health care concern for couples. The impacts of miscarriage on men have not received adequate attention in the literature. The aim of this research was to understand the lived experience of 31 male participants whose partners had miscarried a child. This study analyzed online data using a passive phenomenological methodology. Researchers found four overarching themes including isolation, overwhelmed, protector, and coping. Results found that health professionals might overlook men when a woman experiences a miscarriage. Results suggest that professionals working with these couples could provide greater care by addressing the experiences of both men and women following a miscarriage.