Nutrition, Textiles and Human Development

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Now showing 1 - 20 of 64
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    Changes in urinary hydroxyproline by five healthy young adult males during ambulation and horizontal bed rest recumbancy
    (1968-06) Snyder, Patricia; Dozier, Elsa Arciniegas; Mack, Pauline; Bateman, Jessie; Alford, Betty
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    An experiment in weight normalization of underweight college girls
    (1931-08) Morris, Nell; Young, Hoylande
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    Common attitudes and values found in girls entering fashion merchandising as a career
    (1977-05) Carpenter, Anna Marie; Caster, Bethel; Sprinkle, Edgar; Blades, Holland
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    Pilot study to evaluate foodservice systems used in Title VII elderly nutrition program
    (1979-05) Carter, Joice; Shepherd, Irma; Shanklin, Carol; Milner, Alice
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    Family of origin ritual behavior and its impact on never-married women's current sense of meaning
    (1988-05) Mize, Leslye King; Kershaw, Carol; Ferrell, Barbara; Tate, Deanna; Jennings, Glen; Chenoweth, Lillian
    The purpose of the research investigation was to understand the essential features and structures of ritual as experienced by 26 women in their families of origin and how this may have impacted their current sense of meaning. This understanding was facilitated by a review of theoretical perspectives, primarily phenomenological. Further, the study utilized findings from previous research in the areas of ritual, gender differences (primarily femininity), and self-meaning. A goal was to explore the possibility of a link in these areas through the feminist concept of affiliation (Gilligan, 1982). Ritual scholars describe the ritual experience as the experience of being connected to the whole (Rappaport, 1975). Feminist scholars view the identity of women through a sense of belonging (Gilligan, 1977). One's self-meaning is derived from being connected to others, according to Frankl (1959); an experience he calls self-transcendence. The present study utilizes these concepts to formulate a method for understanding the inner world and dynamics of consciousnesss of the women in the study. This qualitative design yielded descriptive data and offered a holistic approach to the problem under investigation. The unit of analysis was the individual, and it afforded the investigation the opportunity to understand the individual's perspective of the world. The indepth interviewing method was used to collect data. Subjects were asked to describe their experiences of different types of rituals and were probed for information concerning the properties of the rituals chosen. The raw data were transcribed verbatim then analysed for significant statements and common themes. The experiences of the subjects were classified into groups of information: level of ritualization and level of will-to-meaning. The level of ritualization (high to low) was compared to the level of will-to-meaning (high, moderate, low) for common patterns as well as underlying similarities and differences. The results of this investigation indicated a central theme of high ritual experience impacting high will-to-meaning. Further, ritual was a female-centered experience that added significantly to women's ability to recognize current affiliations. This, in itself, is the major issue for women in experiencing will-to-meaning.
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    The influence of significant others on adolescents' academic self-concept development
    (1987-05) Guest, Betty Junkin; Jennings, Glen; Kershaw, Carol; Allen, Katherine; Evenson, Merry; Fannin, Ronald
    From the theoretical orientation of symbolic interaction, this study investigates adolescents' academic self-concept development as influenced by adolescents' perception of their academic ability by significant others. Data for the descriptive research were gathered by administering to the population of an upper-socioeconomic suburban high school a paper-and-pencil questionnaire, the Self-Concept of Academic Ability and Perceived Evaluations of Significant Others (Brookover, Patterson, & Thomas, 1962). From the 1287 responses obtained, 727 responses were selected by stratified random sampling to produce a sample representative of the population by grade level (9, 10, 11, 12), sex, and English class level of academic intensity (less intensive, regular, advanced). At probability levels less than .001, Pearson correlations showed significance in all measured relationships: Self-Concept of Academic Ability for the total group (grades 9, 10, 11, 12) and for individual grades 9, 10, 11, 12 as well as for their subgroups of males and females in relationship to Perceived Evaluations of Significant Others (the total group including parents, friends, and teachers as well as the subgroups of parents, friends, and teachers). At probability levels less than .001, analysis of variance showed significant differences in all Perceived Evaluations of Significant Others (the total group including parents, friends, and teachers as well as the subgroups of parents, friends, and teachers), based on Self-Concept of Academic Ability. These findings indicate that self-concept of academic ability and perceived evaluations of significant others are different perceptions although the correlations between them are high. Males were found to have a significantly higher difference than females in Perceived Evaluations of Significant Others as a total group (p = .001), as the subgroup of friends (p = .001), and as the subgroup of teachers (p = .05), based on Self-Concept of Academic Ability. No significant differences were found between males and females in perceived evaluation of parents. No significant differences were found based on grade levels 9, 10, 11, 12 in any of the perceived evaluations of significant others. Findings of this research are generalized only to the population of the specified high school from which the research sample was selected and to the analysis of data gathered by the Self-Concept of Academic Ability and Perceived Evaluations of Significant Others questionnaire.
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    Evaluation of a nutrition education module as a component of the career orientation of Southern Baptist foreign missionaries
    (1987-12) Hart, Patricia Creel; Alford, Betty; Gorman, Mary Anne; Shanklin, Carol; Hsueh, Andie; Reber, Elwood
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a nutrition education module on the nutrition knowledge, flexibility of attitude toward nutrition and attitude about nutrition education of foreign missionaries. The sample was composed of newly appointed foreign missionaries attending orientation in preparation for their overseas assignments. The experimental group participated in a four-week nutrition education module, while the control group did not. The module was based on both cognitive and affective concepts. The experimental and control groups completed pre- and post-test questionnaires which included an information sheet, Nutrition Knowledge Test (NKT), Flexibility of Attitude Toward Nutrition Scale (FATNS), and Attitude Toward Nutrition Education Scale (AANES). Missionaries in the experimental group demonstrated significant increases in both nutrition knowledge and positive attitudes about nutrition education after participation in the module. The control group, however, had no significant increase in knowledge at post testing and, in general, had significantly more negative attitudes about nutrition education. Because of a possible ceiling effect of the FATNS, no significant changes in flexibility were detected for the control group and only for one statement in the experimental group. Significant positive correlations resulted at post-testing between nutrition knowledge and attitude as well as knowledge and flexibility for the experimental group and between flexibility and attitude for both experimental and control groups. Results from this study suggest that change in nutrition knowledge precedes change in attitude in the knowledge-attitude-behavior pathway. This sequence supports the principles of adult learning and theory of holistic education upon which the program of missionary orientation is based.
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    Observational assessment of infant-caregiver interactions in group care
    (1979-12) Jacobson, Arminta Lee Kemp; Gershner, Vera Taylor; Alford, Betty; Bateman-Barns, Jessie; Hamilton, Basil; Littlefield, Robert; Stafford, Anita; Tate, Deanna
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    Factors influencing the store patronage of a selected group of women employed in managerial and professional occupations in Northern Louisiana
    (1987-08) Hagan, Charlene Hughes; Jernigan, Marian; Chenoweth, Lillian Cochran; Blades, Holland; Gill, Jack; Siewert, Carol
    The purpose of this study was to examine the patronage motives of career women employed in managerial and professional specialty occupations in northern Louisiana. This study investigated career women's demographic characteristics, shopping behaviors and store preferences in order to develop a shopper profile. The sample consisted of 232 career women who completed a questionnaire developed by the researcher. The questionnaire was mailed and returned directly to the researcher for analysis of data. The questionnaire consisted of 20 questions pertaining to shopping behaviors, store preferences and demographics. A null hypothesis was developed for each question. Frequency and percentage distributions were performed on all questions for descriptive purposes. The participants were grouped into three categories; (1) executive, administrative and managerial, (2) professional specialty, and (3) teachers. The Kendall's coefficient of concordance W was used to test for significant differences. All questions were crosstabulated using the chi-square goodness-of-fit test to look for significant differences among the responses within the three groups of occupations. Most of the career women were married, aged 36 to 45 years, had a salary range of $15,000 to \$24,999 and a household income of over $55,000. The majority had completed a graduate degree and worked 31--40 hours per week. The clothing source shopped most often was the department store, followed by the specialty store/boutique and mail order catalog. No significant difference was found in the clothing source shopped most often among the three groups of career women. The career women specified that the return policy of a store was the most important store attribute. Highly significant differences were found in the most important store attribute and shopping in a department store, a specialty store/boutique and a mail order catalog. Highly significant differences were revealed in the most important choice of store inventory (selection of merchandise in the career woman's size) and shopping in a department store and a specialty store/boutique. No significant difference was found in the most important choice of store inventory and shopping by mail order catalog.
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    The analysis of the Graphic Awareness Projective Technique
    (1979-08) Butterbaugh, Roger L.; Alford, Betty; Hamilton, Basil; Wylie, Edward; Corey, James; Milner, Alice
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    Response of bone alkaline phosphatase isozyme to inorganic fluoride
    (1974-05) Richards, Constance Jean; Milner, Alice; Hardcastle, J.E.; Alford, Betty; Pyke, Ralph; Stewart, G.H.
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    A study to determine the relationship between self-concept, home influences and dating practices
    (1974-08) Williams, Lorna Crouch; Taylor, Vera; Littlefield, Robert; Day, Dalton
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    A study of role behavior within the marital dyad of mature female graduate students and their spouses
    (1974-08) Stryker, Rogene G.; Lawhon, Del; Littlefield, Robert; Sparks, Clifton; Spicola, Rose; Corey, James D.
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    The effects of price and user characteristics on willingness to purchase and perceived quality of extension publications
    (1987-08) Horton, Lynn R.; Chenoweth, Lillian Cochran; Alford, Betty; Jennings, Glen; Fannin, Ron
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    A study of teacher evaluations of state adopted and non-adopted kindergarten textbook materials as circulated from an education service center
    (1975-05) Kamenitsa, Maxine; Barns-Bateman, Jessie; McFarland, John; Sparks, Clifton; Brookshire, William; Spicola, Rose
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    A test method for smolder resistance of upholstered furniture
    (1982-05) Roberds, Lorayne June Austed; Gill, Jack T.; Garrett, Clarice; Riggs, Charles L.; Jennings, Glen; Kershaw, Carol
    The purpose of this research was to find a test method and a fabric classification procedure which would reliably indicate whether fabrics could perform in a fire safe manner when tested on a modification of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) test assembly. The NBS upholstered furniture fabric test apparatus was modified to allow the use of polyester fiberfill as a substratum. A test method and classification procedure for upholstery fabric was devised to specify combinations of fabric and substrata that are fire safe. This fabric/substrata flammability test method and procedure defined conditions under which upholstery fabric could perform in a fire safe manner. Thirteen upholstery fabrics were selected as representative of currently available fabrics. The fabrics contained natural fiber, manmade fiber, and a wide range of blends. These fabrics were tested over polyester fiberfill. The test apparatus used was a modification of the NBS fabric test apparatus for testing upholstery fabric. The fabrics were tested and classified by CPSC, Upholstered Furniture Action Council, and modified test methods and procedures. Char lengths were determined to be the most reliable method for classifying flammability of upholstered fabric. A t-test was used to determine differences in char lengths produced by fabrics tested on the NBS test apparatus and the modified test apparatus. An analysis of variance was used to determine selected influences of fabric construction on the char lengths produced. Using the modified test method and classification procedure, some 100 percent cotton fabrics can be used in furniture construction provided the specified substratum is also used. Some fabrics were considered to be questionably safe when tested on either the NBS or the modified test apparatus. Other fabrics performed better on the modified test when compared to the NBS test results. Fabric classification by the UFAC method was not necessarily indicative of performance in flammability tests. The modified test procedure couples the practicality of using substrata materials that are common to the industry while still retaining some of the severity of the CPSC's staff proposal for testing flammability of upholstery fabrics. This modified test indicates that only the most smolder resistant combinations of fabrics and strata should be used for furniture construction.
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    Influence of nutrition education on the eating habits of junior high school students
    (1979-08) Williamson, Beverly Prater; Shepherd, Irma; Zane, Claire; Smith, Dorothy