A wireless resonant LC sensor for glucose detection
This paper proposes a wireless resonant inductive and capacitive (LC) sensor for glucose sensing. A sensor composed of a capacitor with interdigital electrodes and an inductor for glucose sensing is presented. Resonance frequency and impedance were measured as the sensing parameters. A glucose beverage concentration from 0% to 44% is used, resulting in a resonance frequency change from 1.9217 MHz to 1.8681 MHz, and the impedance of the sensor changes from 170.33 Ω to 110.68 Ω . The relationship of both resonance frequency and impedance to glucose beverage concentration is well presented by a decreasing exponential function. Using an exponential regression, the resonance frequency shows an average regression error of 1.38%. Likewise, the impedance shows an average error of 3.47%. The linear range of the sensor is also analyzed in a glucose concentration range between 0% and 4%. The sensor exhibited a sensitivity of 424.6 kHz and 721.6416 Ω , respectively, with a linear regression r2 of 0.9853 and 0.9553, respectively.