Acculturation and the Prevalence of Diabetes in U.S. Hispanic Adults, National Health and Nutrition Survey 2011-2018

Date
2021
Authors
Lopez-Neyman, Stephanie
Miketinas, Derek C.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Abstract

The project explored the relationship between acculturation and diabetes among US Hispanic – adul ts. Data from adults (≥20y), participating in the NHANES 2011-2018 were used for analysis. Participants classified as having diabetes: (1) with doctor-diagnosed diabetes or (2) doctor-undiagnosed diabetes with a glycohemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥ 6.5%. An acculturation score was calculated based on previously developed scales. Unadjusted prevalence diabetes rates were compared across acculturation status using Rao Scott Chi Square tests. The overall prevalence of diabetes for adults was 12.6%, and for Hispanic adults was 13.8%. The unadjusted prevalence of diabetes for each acculturation level was as follows: lowest (10.6%), low (20.9%), high (15.4%), and highest (11.6%), (p < 0.0001). The results are consistent with other studies demonstrating that the risk of diabetes increases with acculturation among Hispanics. The acculturation process is a potential modifier of the interaction between the food environment and biology for future studies.

Description
Creative Arts and Research Symposium
Creative Arts and Research Symposium
Keywords
Citation