Balance as an assessment of health-related quality of life in people living with HIV

Date
2019
Authors
Quiles, Norberto N.
Rosario, Martin
Ortiz, Alexis
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Universidad de Alicante
Abstract

Background: Balance and cognitive decline are impairments in people living with HIV (PLWH). These impairments predispose to fall-related injuries, affecting health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study assessed standing balance and cognition after a three-month fitness program and its relationship to HRQoL.


Methods: Fifty-four PLWH participating in a community-based fitness program participated in this study. Standing balance with eyes open and eyes closed was measured with a pressure mat. Cognition was assessed using the HIV dementia scale (HDS), while the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) was used as a measure of HRQoL. Paired t-tests compared balance values while linear regression explored the association between balance and HDS scores with HRQoL.


Results: Balance values with eyes open improved significantly (p=0.04). Linear regression showed a significant association between the three predictors and HRQoL (r = .50; p = .017).


Conclusions: Standing balance and mental status play a significant role in HRQoL in PLWH.

Description
Article originally published in Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(2). English. Published online 2019. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.142.20
Keywords
Standing balance, HIV dementia, HRQoL
Citation
This is the publisher’s version of an article that is available at https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.142.20. Recommended citation: Quiles, N. N., Rosario, M., & Ortiz, A. (2019). Balance as an assessment of health-related quality of life in people living with HIV. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(2). This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.