Effects of a home exercise program on index of kyphosis, height, balance, and quality of life in postmenopausal women with low bone mass




Keller, Victoria Clarke Cannella

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The purpose of this thesis was to focus on the use of four clinic visits and a home exercise program as an intervention to reduce thoracic kyphosis, increase height, and improve balance and quality of life in women with low bone mass and a clinically apparent kyphosis. Three postmenopausal women participated in four weekly visits for instruction and progression in a home program consisting of 9 progressive trunk-strengthening exercises. During the third visit they were instructed in body mechanics during activities of daily living that avoid spinal flexion. Prior to the intervention and after 8 weeks of exercise, measurements were taken. After 8 weeks of performing the exercise program, all patients demonstrated improvement in their index of kyphosis, balance, and increase in height. Two of the 3 had improvement in their scores on the Osteoporosis Quality of Life Questionnaire. It appears the intervention is successful and should be studied further.



Health and environmental sciences, Physical therapy, Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs), Reduced mobility, Pain management