Associations between household food insecurity, parental self-efficacy and fruit and vegetable parenting practices among parents of 5-8 year old overweight children




Hilmers, Angela

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Food insecurity may negatively impact children's dietary intake by affecting parenting quality. This study investigated whether food insecurity influences parental self-efficacy and parenting practices to promote fruit and vegetable consumption. A secondary analysis was conducted using baseline data from 31 mothers of 5-8 year old overweight children who participated in an obesity treatment program. Household food security status, parental self-efficacy (modeling/socialization, planning/encouraging and availability/accessibility) and parenting practices (structure, responsiveness, non-directive control, and external control) were assessed using validated measures. Independent t-tests compared differences by food security status. Results showed no significant differences between food-secure and insecure groups. A trend towards a decrease in parental self-efficacy to make fruit and vegetables available and accessible at home was observed in the food-insecure group. This finding supports further hypothesis-driven research examining the impact of food insecurity on parental self-efficacy and food-related parenting practices.



Health and environmental sciences, Psychology