Adolescent maternal competence and a postpartum home-based nursing intervention

Date
1992-05
Authors
Babineaux, Jeannine Utzman
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Abstract

A 2-by-2 repeated measures design was used to determine the effectiveness of a postpartum home-based nursing intervention on adolescent maternal competence. Competence was operationalized as the score of Scale 5 of the Postpartum Self-Evaluation Questionnaire (PSQ), Confidence in Ability to Cope with the Tasks of Motherhood, and the total score of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment Inventory (0-3 Years) (HOME). A second purpose was to determine the relationship between maternal competence and selected intervening variables. A convenience sample of 50 adolescent mothers, 13-19 years, participated by completing the PSQ and the HOME at 2 and 6 weeks postpartum. At 2 weeks postpartum the intervention group (n = 25) received an assessment of physical and psychological postpartum health status with interpretation of results from the nurse-client interaction using the Verbal Postpartum Nursing Assessment/Intervention Guide. At the same visit, the intervention group received information about and demonstration of infant interactive capabilities using the modified Brazelton Neonatal Assessment Scale.

Demographic information at 2 weeks postpartum was used to describe the sample. Scores (M = 43.78, SD = 6.59; M = 45.12, SD = 6.09) of self-reported measures of maternal competence (Scale 5, PSQ) were significantly related to perception of labor and delivery experience at 2 and 6 weeks postpartum (r =.4063, p .01; r =.2793, p .05), support from family and friends at 6 weeks postpartum (r =.5321, p .01), and experience with care of children at 6 weeks postpartum (R =.29, p <.05). Scores (M = 21.08, SD = 3.3; M = 24.4, SD = 4.5) of objective measures of maternal competence (HOME) were significantly related to perception of labor and delivery experience at 2 and 6 weeks postpartum (r =.4283, p .01; r =.3948, p .05), relationship with father of the baby at 2 weeks postpartum (r =.3378, p .05), and maternal age at 6 weeks postpartum (r =.3599, p .05). Results of the two-way ANOVA with repeated measures indicated no significant differences in maternal competence of the two groups as measured by Scale 5 of the PSQ or by the total score of the HOME. However, a significant difference existed within treatment group in the latter ANOVA. The Dunnett test for multiple comparison to a control group showed no significant difference between mean scores of intervention and comparison groups. Findings did not demonstrate that the postpartum home-based nursing intervention had any effect on maternal competence. However, various intervening variables were related to maternal competence.

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Keywords
Nursing, Births, Teenagers, Obstetrics, Developmental psychology, Intervention, Gynecology
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