Temporo-spatial gait adaptations while walking on different surfaces in Latino-Hispanic adults with controlled type II diabetes
Those with Type 2 Diabetes with and without peripheral neuropathy (PN) display evident gait deficiencies, and kinematic alterations while stepping on various surfaces. Purpose: To verify if such modifications would emerge performing diverse tasks in the regulated stages of diabetes such as controlled type 2 diabetics without PN. Methods: We recruited and allocated 30 adult participants in two groups, 15 controlled diabetics (cDMII) and 15 controls (CoG). Gait temporospatial criteria were measured during even walkway and described concerning a ramp/slope surface, and a stair-step. Results: A Repeated measure ANOVA was employed to compare even surface gait parameters with slope and stair (ascending and descending) surfaces within each group. Our results highlight that cDMII shows distinct and initial traces of impaired gait parameters, notably on single-limb support time reduction with a double-limb time increment during ramp compared to even surface. Conclusion: Our conclusions suggest even at the early stages of diabetes, when glucose levels are regulated, adjustment while shifting and adapting to different, more challenging surfaces appear, notably in dynamic balance variables. Therefore, making this prompt detection of variations is clinically valuable for providing treatment interventions to diminish the risk of falls and trauma in those who have diabetes.