Music as a motivator during performance of a walk/jog activity by female adolescents with moderate mental retardation

Stephens, Robin T.
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The purpose of this investigation was to examine how fast tempo music would impact the performance of a 1.0 mile (1.6 km) walk/jog by adolescents with moderate mental retardation under four treatment conditions: (a) no music, (b) music during the first.5-mile (.8 km) of the walk/jog, (c) music during the last.5-mile (.8 km) of the walk/jog, or (d) music throughout the 1.0 mile (1.6 km) walk/jog.

Participants were 5 female adolescents diagnosed as having moderate mental retardation. A randomized multiple-treatment design was used to determine if the four treatments influenced the time necessary for participants to complete the 1.0 mile (1.6 km) walk/jog. Based on visual inspection of the data, it was concluded that the music treatments were more effective in decreasing performance times of the 1.0 mile (1.6 km) than the no music treatment; however, none of the music treatments were more effective than another.

Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the use of music seems to be effective in decreasing participants' with moderate mental retardation performance times during a 1.0 mile (1.6 km) walk/jog. Therefore, it is suggested that when programming for adolescents with moderate mental retardation, the use of music a motivator should be considered as an aid in improving cardiovascular performance.

Communication and the arts, Education, Psychology