The effects of a movement therapy program on the self-efficacy and the morale of institutionalized elderly




Crutchfield, Helen

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The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a formal group movement therapy program on the self-efficacy and the morale of elderly individuals who are institutionalized. The sample of 100 elderly individuals for this two-group, nonprobability study was randomly selected from a population of 225 residents of a retirement center. A demographic data sheet was used to identify the subjects age, gender, marital status, and ethnic group. The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS) was used to measure morale and the Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy. The 50 experimental group subjects participated in a 45-minute formal group therapy movement program three times a week for 4 weeks. The 50 control group subjects participated in their usual daily activities. All subjects were pretested prior to the program, tested at the end of the program, and tested again 6 weeks after the program completion.

Two-way ANOVAs with repeated measures using scores from both scales were used to test the two hypotheses. Although significant differences occurred in the total sample between testing times, no significant findings between self-efficacy (H1) and morale (H2) and the exercise program emerged for the experimental group.



Movement therapy, Institutional elderly, Aging, Morale, Self-Efficacy