An investigation of resilience in Head Start children and their parents
ABSTRACT RONNIESHA R. BIVENS AN INVESTIGATION OF RESILIENCE IN HEAD START CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS
DECEMBER 2017 This study examined parents’ resilience, family risk factors and social supports, and children’s protective factors related to resilience and possible behavioral concerns. The setting was a Head Start Center in North Texas serving parents and their children ages three to five. Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory were used as frameworks to guide the research. The sample for this study was comprised of 99 parents of 102 children in the Head Start Center. The 14-Item Resilience Scale (RS-14) (Wagnild, 2014), the Adverse Life Events scale (Tiet, Bird, Davies, Hoven, Cohen, Jensen & Goodman, 1998), the Perceived Social Support, Family and Perceived Social Support, Friends scales (Procidano & Heller, 1983), and the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) (LeBuffe & Naglieri, 1999) were used as measurements in this non-experimental, descriptive and correlational design. The parents, of the children perceived themselves in the following manners as measured by survey instruments: First, parents reported moderately high levels of resilience along with moderate levels of adversity in their lives. In addition, parents reported moderate levels of social support from friends and higher levels of support from family. The correlations between The 14-Item Resilience Scale and the Adverse Life Events scale, Perceived Social Support, Family and Perceived Social Support, Friends scales appeared to be minimal and non-significant. Their perceptions of their children’s resilience as measured by the DECA were in the Typical or Average range. Parents indicated that their children could self-regulate while their children’s level of attachment/relationship were considered slightly lower. Correlations of the parents’ scores on the RS-14 and the children’s scores on the DECA produced a trend towards significance.