Use of Self-Restraint in Reducing Self-Injurious Behavior

Clemens, Katherine
Johnson, Wendi L.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title

Use of Self-Restraint in Reducing Self-Injurious Behavior Self-restraint involves the restriction of one's own body through the means of materials, objects, other people, and own body parts. This is particularly common in those diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who exhibit behavioral inhibition deficits. The negative correlation between SIB and self-restraint supports escape-maintained behavior, which is any behavior carried out in an effort to successfully avoid doing something distressing. Furthermore, this is indicative of an attempt for self-control. Data from the field demonstrates that behavioral inhibition deficits are reflected through repetitive behaviors and impulsivity/overactivity, widely portrayed in individuals with ASD. Considering these facts, the therapeutic foundations of behavioral control should be further explored, with an emphasis on differential reinforcement. This presentation reviews the literature on self-restraint in reducing self-injurious behavior (SIB) and highlights the therapeutic interventions that should be utilized to support long-term success.

Creative Arts and Research Symposium
Creative Arts and Research Symposium