Family functioning and social support of Korean families with mentally-retarded children




Oh, Kasil

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This study examined the relationships between family outcomes (family functioning and family strengths) and social support of Korean families with mentally-retarded children. Tested were seven research questions concerning description of social support, family functioning, and family strengths and predictability of social support to family outcomes and ten hypotheses regarding the relationships among social support variables and family outcomes.

The instruments used were the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire, Family Functioning Index, and Family Strengths. Data were collected from 73 Korean families with a mentally-retarded child.

Compared with normative data of the United States, Korean families with a mentally-retarded child tend to have less functional support, social support network, family functioning, and family strengths. Total functional support was the most significant predictor for all family outcomes.

Significant relationships were found between total functional support and family outcomes and total support and functional support variables and total social support network and family outcomes.



Korean families, Developmental disability, Family strength, Family outcomes