The effects of a perceptual interaction conference on the self-concept of adolescents with sickle cell anemia




Owens, Brenda H.

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An experimental two-group, before and after design was used to explore the effects of a Perceptual Interaction Conference on the self-concept of adolescents with sickle cell anemia. Twelve females between the ages of 13 and 18 years with a confirmed diagnosis of sickle cell anemia were randomly assigned into either the experimental or control groups. The experimental group participated in four weekly 1-hour sessions. The control group continued to receive the routine teaching offered by the agency. Both groups were administered the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale as a pretest and posttest prior to the start of the sessions and following the last session. A Mann-Whitney U analysis indicated that the total score of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale did not differ significantly for those adolescents who participated in the sessions and those who received the routine teaching from the agency (U = 16.00, p = .818). In addition, there were no significant differences noted from the pretest to the posttest using the Wilcoxon Matched-Pairs Signed-Ranks test (T = -.1569, p - .785). These findings may have been the result of the small sample size.



Sickle cell anemia, Adolescents, Self-concept, Perceptual Interaction Conference