The role of dispositional factors in veracity judgments accuracy and bias
This study investigated the relationship between the dispositional factors of mindfulness, trust, and communicative suspicion and their role in influencing veracity judgment accuracy and truth bias in interpersonal communication. Participants (n = 178) completed four scales measuring their dispositional levels of mindfulness, trust, and communicative suspicion and made veracity judgments on 20 video clips in which people were either lying or telling the truth. Significant relationships were found between the variables of trust, communicative suspicion, and trust bias. Individuals with higher levels of general trust displayed an increased bias towards the truth. Further analysis showed that specific aspects of mindfulness shared a relationship with veracity judgment accuracy. Individuals who were better at describing their experiences displayed a decreased ability to accurately judge veracity. The results from this study will add new insights to the current literature on the role individual differences play in assessing veracity in interpersonal communication.