Risks Associated with Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review
Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a highly prevalent psychological issue of puerperium that affects the mother and child's health and can impair the child's growth and development. Aim: The systematic review aimed to analyze and synthesize the risk factors related to PPD.
Method: PubMed, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Academic Search, ProQuest, Medline, and PsycINFO electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed, full-text, English observational studies among females within six months of childbirth after 2017. The studies were appraised for quality and thematically synthesized.
Findings: Fourteen studies met the eligibility criteria and were conducted in Asian, Middle-East, and European countries. Low economic status, unplanned pregnancy, antepartum depression and anxiety, and stressful life events were identified risks of PPD.
Conclusion: Intervening the modifiable risks and screening for the non-modifiable risks can prevent the negative impact of PPD on the lives of the mother and infant. It is essential to incorporate mental health into maternal health.