Investigating the effects of utilizing Video Self Modeling (VSM) as a modality to deliver a story mapping intervention with students who are deaf or hard of hearing to target reading comprehension and vocabulary



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The purpose of the study was to investigate the efficacy of video self-modeling in delivering a Story Mapping intervention with the purpose of increasing reading comprehension, vocabulary, and self-efficacy. Participants were split amongst three treatment groups: Video Self-Modeling, Didactic, and Control group. The video self-modeling group was delivered the story map intervention through a video the researcher created. The video showed the student successfully completing the story map. Students in this treatment group watched their videos once a day throughout the intervention phase of the study. Students in the didactic group received instruction on the story map directly from a teacher. Finally, students in the control group read silently during this time. Reading comprehension was measured utilizing the Dibels Daze curriculum based measure and WJ-IV Achievement Reading Comprehension cluster (Mather & Wendling, 2014, Riedel, 2007). Self-efficacy was broadly explored utilizing the Motivations for Reading Questionnaire (Wigfield &Guthrie, 1997). Results suggest that the VSM intervention was mildly effective in increasing reading comprehension for three out of seventeen participants. In regard to vocabulary, results did not reveal a significant increase post intervention. In addition, qualitative data gathered through the Motivations for Reading Questionnaire indicated participants in the VSM group experienced an increase in self-efficacy. Overall, the video self-modeling intervention showed potential to increase student’s reading comprehension and self-efficacy.



Video Self Modeling