Enterostomal therapy nursing interventions and social adjustment of patients following ostomy surgery

Date

1994-12

Authors

Martin, Karen K.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether Enterostomal Therapy (ET) nursing interventions during the postoperative period positively affected social adjustment in individuals who had undergone ostomy surgery. The convenience sample consisted of 20 subjects (12 in the experimental group and 8 in the comparison group), who were 36 to 84 years of age, and had undergone first-time ostomy surgery.

Social adjustment was measured using Maklebust's (1985) Ostomy Adjustment Scale which was mailed to subjects 6 to 8 weeks postoperatively. Each subject's ostomy adjustment score was the sum of 18 items on the scale. Analysis of data did not support the hypothesis, and no conclusions could be made regarding the effects of ET nursing interventions on new ostomy patients' social adjustment scores. There was evidence that family members played major roles as support persons in the rehabilitation of new ostomy patients.

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Keywords

Nursing, Post-operative adjustment, Ostomy surgery, Rehabilitation

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