Growing with ease: Relationships between child's fruit and vegetable preferences, caregiver's fruit and vegetable consumption and body mass index




Zell, Jennifer L.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



The prevalence of childhood overweight is increasing in the United States especially among Hispanic and Black children. The majority of research regarding children's diet trends and weight assessed populations which are primarily White. This study examined 39 child/caregiver pairs. The majority were Hispanic. Caregiver's total fruit and vegetable intake was assessed using the Southwestern Food Frequency Questionnaire (SWFFQ). The child's fruit and vegetable preferences were assessed using the Fruit, Juice and Vegetable (FJV) preference measure. Pearson's and Spearman correlations were used to assess relationships between fruit and vegetable consumption/preferences and body mass index. Results revealed no correlation among the following: caregiver BMI and child BMI, child fruit and vegetable preference and caregiver fruit and vegetable intake, and child BMI and total fruit and vegetable preference. Results revealed a significant relationship between caregiver BMI and vegetable consumption (r=0.402, p=.022). Hispanic adults who eat more vegetables have a higher body mass index.



Southwestern Food Frequency Questionnaire, Children's diet, Obesity