Evaluation of controlled type II diabetics ascending and descending a ramp surface at an imposed speed: A case-control study [version 1; peer review: 2 approved with reservations]
Background: Patients with diabetes have been shown to suffer from increased fall risk. Research shows that this risk is higher on irregular surfaces. Existing studies evaluate gait on irregular surfaces, such as stairs, asphalt, grass and stones. This study evaluates gait parameters in individuals with diabetes mellitus type II (DMII) with no history of peripheral neuropathy, while ascending and descending a ramp at an imposed speed, and compares them with healthy controls.
Methods: Fifteen healthy volunteer participants and fifteen participants with DMII and no peripheral neuropathy (females and males) between the ages of 40-65 were recruited for this study. Participants walked three times at 100 bpm while ascending and descending a wooden ramp. Temporospatial and kinematic parameters were analyzed.
Results: We observed minimal changes in temporospatial and kinetic parameters in people with controlled DMII with no evidence of peripheral neuropathy.
Conclusion: Focusing on individuals with controlled DMII allowed us to determine if only the diagnosis of diabetes without peripheral neuropathy influenced gait parameters. Clinicians and researchers should focus their assessments on neuromuscular activation during this stage of the condition, thus preventing complications, such as abnormal gait, that increases the risk for falls.