A review of weight control strategies and their effects on the regulation of hormonal balance

Date

2011

Authors

Schwarz, Neil A.
Rigby, B. Rhett
La Bounty, Paul
Shelmadine, Brian
Bowden, Rodney G.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Hindawi

Abstract

The estimated prevalence of obesity in the USA is 72.5 million adults with costs attributed to obesity more than 147 billion dollars per year. Though caloric restriction has been used extensively in weight control studies, short-term success has been difficult to achieve, with long-term success of weight control being even more elusive. Therefore, novel approaches are needed to control the rates of obesity that are occurring globally. The purpose of this paper is to provide a synopsis of how exercise, sleep, psychological stress, and meal frequency and composition affect levels of ghrelin, cortisol, insulin GLP-1, and leptin and weight control. We will provide information regarding how hormones respond to various lifestyle factors which may affect appetite control, hunger, satiety, and weight control.

Description

Article originally published in Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2011, 1–15. English. Published online 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/237932

Keywords

Macronutrients, Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, Growth hormones

Citation

This is the publisher’s version of an article that is available at https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/237932. Recommended citation: Schwarz, N. A., Rigby, B. R., La Bounty, P., Shelmadine, B., & Bowden, R. G. (2011). A review of weight control strategies and their effects on the regulation of hormonal balance. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2011, 1–15. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.

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