Measuring the nutrition knowledge of weight management and diabetes risk in a low socioeconomic population
The purpose of this study was to assess general healthy eating and weight-management knowledge before and after a two-hour nutrition education class designed to improve knowledge of nutrition, weight-management, and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fifty-four low socioeconomic adults were recruited from San Jose Clinic in Houston, TX. Participants were given an English or Spanish knowledge-based pre-test and post-test following a two-hour nutrition education class. The content of the class included general healthy eating and weight-management concepts. Results showed an overall significant increase (p < 0.001) in nutrition knowledge from pre-test to post-test. Participants that used the English version of the test had a significantly higher post-test score than participants that used the Spanish version (Mean Difference = 12.538, p = 0.001), despite having a Spanish translator available. The study demonstrated that nutrition knowledge in a low socioeconomic population at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus can be improved with nutrition education.