Examining impostor phenomenon and burnout in newly licensed registered nurses

Date

2022-12-01T06:00:00.000Z

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Abstract

As newly licensed registered nurses transition into practice, they can experience increased self-doubt and uncertainty, which mirrors impostor phenomenon and could lead to emotional exhaustion, a component of burnout. This study aims to examine the prevalence and severity of impostor feelings and burnout and explores the relationship between these two variables in novice nurses within their first two years of practice. A correlational design using a cross-sectional survey was implemented to measure impostor phenomenon and burnout in newly licensed registered nurses. Demographic information will be collected in addition to the Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale (CIPS) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS (MP)) to measure impostor phenomenon and burnout, respectively. Results indicate that 63.5% of newly licensed nurses have frequent to intense impostor feelings, 10.1% are burned out with another 28.1% at high risk for burnout. Demographic factors that impact CIPS score include male gender, months of clinical experience, and being African American or Asian. There was no significance between impostor feelings and level of nursing education or nursing specialty. Level of education has no significance to burnout however, burnout among different nursing specialties was related to differences in depersonalization. Lastly, there was significance between CIPS score and burnout and that as impostor feelings increase, so did the pattern of burnout. This study provides empirical evidence that impostor feelings and burnout are a concern for newly licensed nurses and provides nurse educators and healthcare organizations with data to implement specific interventions to address them to reduce turnover.

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Newly licensed registered nurses

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