Assessing available adolescent self-reported measures for asthma management: A systematic literature review




Isik, Elif
Gardner, Mack
Sockrider, Marianna M.
Fredland, Nina M.
Shegog, Ross

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Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Objective: Asthma is a common chronic disease and a substantial public health problem for children, adolescents, and adults. Adolescence, a period of increased independence and striving for autonomy, is an opportune time for youth transitioning to adulthood to assume more responsibility for their own asthma self-management. However, accurate measures of adolescent asthma outcomes are limited. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify self-reported asthma measures currently available in the empirical literature focused on adolescent populations.

Methods: Search terms were based on the National Library of Medical Subject Headings and followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Databases searched included CINAHL, Nursing Allied Health Prevention, Medline, ProQuest, and PubMed. Included studies were peer reviewed and published in English between 2010 and 2022. All studies reported on asthma measures for adolescents between 10 and 19 years old.

Results: Nineteen studies were included, comprising 15 experimental and 4 quasi-experimental. This review revealed the following asthma measure domains: asthma knowledge, self-efficacy, attitudes, self-care, self-regulation, symptom prevention and management, medication adherence, asthma disease control, symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) for evaluating psychosocial, behavioral, clinical, and QOL outcomes.

Conclusion: This review revealed the necessity of developing a comprehensive measure to assess the asthma self-management behaviors of adolescents. A comprehensive tool related to adolescent asthma self-management behavior would enhance the assessment and evaluation of adolescent asthma self-management behaviors and extend the science and clinical practice around adolescent self-management. Present measures for asthma self-management behavior for adolescents are limited; therefore, developing a valid and reliable measure is necessary not only to assess adolescents' asthma self-management behavior outcomes but also to identify and evaluate the essential components to include in educational interventions for adolescent self-management.



Adolescents with asthma, Asthma measures, Adolescent self-reported asthma measures, Review, Adolescent asthma management, Experimental studies.


This is the post-print version of an article that is available at Recommended citation: Isik, E., Mack, G., Sockrider, M. M., Fredland, N. M., & Shegog, R. (2023). Assessing available adolescent self-reported measures for asthma management: A systematic literature review. Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology, 36(3), 69–89. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.