Visible and concealed marginalized identity and microaggressions: Impact on well-being



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This study evaluated the impact of visible and concealable marginalized identities on microaggressions and their overall impact on well-being in a sample of university students. This researcher measured the perception and impact of five types of microaggressions: race/ethnicity, gender, transgender, sexual orientation, and ability status. These microaggressions were measured utilizing the Racial and Ethnic Microaggressions scale (REMS-45; Nadal, 2011), the Gender Microaggressions scale – Revised (GMAS; Capodilupo, n.d.), a trans microaggression measure developed for this research, the Homonegative Microaggression Scale (Wright & Wegner, 2012), and the Ableist Microaggression Scale (AMS; Conover and Israel, 2015). Well-being was measured using the Quality of Life Index Generic Version – III (QLI; Ferrans & Powers, 1985). The sample of 523 participants was recruited through the use of the university’s online psychological research participation system. Completion of the measures occurred at the convenience of the participants. The study results showed evidence of the inverse connection between microaggressions and reported wellbeing in individuals with two marginalized identities, which supports the existing literature. Additionally, when evaluating the contributing factors to a decrease in wellbeing, the reported impact of the microaggressive experience appeared to account for a greater portion of the effect than did the number of microaggressive experiences, providing information for future research, teaching, and practice.



Microaggressions, Identity, well-being