Anxiety, guided imagery, and relaxation in cardiac catheterization patients

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1986-05

Authors

Morris, Linda

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Abstract

The problem of this experimental study was: With age, sex, and previous hospital experience controlled, is there a mean change of heart rate, systolic blood pressure, respiration rate, and state anxiety for 45 cardiac catheterization patients in a large southwest metropolitan hospital divided equally into three groups: (a) those receiving routine care, (b) those using only relaxation during catheterization, and (c) those using relaxation and guided imagery during catheterization. These determinants of anxiety were measured before, during, and after cardiac catheterization. Three instruments were used for data collection: (a) Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Form Y, (b) Physiological Indicator Form, and (c) Demographic Data Form. No significant changes in the mean determinants of anxiety were found among the three groups; however, patients with previous hospital experience demonstrated significantly lower state anxiety scores.

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