Family and peer relationships in a residential youth sample: Exploring unique, non-linear, and interactive associations with depressive symptoms and suicide risk

Date
2022
Authors
Rivers, Alannah Shelby
Russon, Jody
Winston-Lindeboom, Payne
Ruan-lu, Linda
Diamond, Guy
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Springer
Abstract

Close relationships are consequential for youth depressive symptoms and suicide risk, but nuanced research examining intersecting factors is needed to improve identification and intervention. This study examines a clinical, residential sample of 939 adolescents and young adults ages 10 to 23 years old (M = 15.84, SD = 1.53; 97.7% white, 99.5% non-Hispanic, 55% female). The final model found that family conflict, parental criticism, verbal bullying, and interactions with friends were associated with depressive symptoms in the expected directions, and there were significant interactions with family, peer, and demographic variables. However, most associations with suicide risk were indirect. Associations involving family factors, peer factors, depressive symptoms, and suicide are not always straightforward, and should be understood within a microsystemic context.

Description
Article originally published in Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 51(6), 1062–1073. English. Published online 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01524-x
Keywords
Bullying, Depression, Family environment, Friendships, Suicide
Citation
This is the post-print of an article that is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01524-x. Recommended citation: Rivers, A. S., Russon, J., Winston-Lindeboom, P., Ruan-Iu, L., & Diamond, G. (2021). Family and peer relationships in a residential youth sample: Exploring unique, non-linear, and interactive associations with depressive symptoms and suicide risk. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 51(6), 1062–1073. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.