Attachment between mothers and their adopted children

Date

1992-08

Authors

Lucia, Ann Elizabeth

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Abstract

An investigation was conducted to examine the differences in behaviors that influence attachment between biological and adoptive mother-infant dyads. A non-experimental, explanatory design was implemented to study these differences by utilizing the NCAST HOME Inventory and the NCAST NCAT teaching instrument to collect data in the adoptive home setting. Eight hypotheses proposed that biological mothers would have higher scores than adoptive mothers in behaviors that influence attachment, focusing on the home environment, teaching skills, sensitivity, response to distress, social-emotional growth fostering, cognitive growth fostering, clarity of child's cues, and responsiveness to parent. Four South Texas adoption agencies provided a convenience nonprobability sample of 44 volunteer adoptive mothers who were primarily Caucasian from 30 to 45 years of age with Caucasian children, ages 6 to 36 months. Descriptive analysis allowed assessment of the demographic data. Statistical analysis using the Z test supported the null hypothesis (H\sb0) in H\sb1 (Home Environment) and allowed retention of H\sb6 (Cognitive Growth Fostering). The other six hypotheses were rejected because the adoptive mothers scored significantly higher than the biological mothers indicating strong attachment with their children.

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Keywords

Nursing, Social psychology, Families & family life, Personal relationships, Sociology, Adoption, Mothers, Children & youth

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