Role adaptation: An analysis of the relationships between identified variables relating to caregivers of children with Hickman catheters

Date

1988-08

Authors

Wilkinson-Faulk, Debbie

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Abstract

The problem of the study was to determine whether the concept of responsibility can be explained by the model of role adaptation. The purpose of the study was to identify the relationships between selected variables in the role adaptation model, which was derived from Meleis' role insufficiency and role supplementation framework and the concept responsibility. The study sought to determine the extent to which the identified variables related to caregivers of children with Hickman catheters.

This study was conducted in a pediatric hematology/oncology clinic located in a children's hospital in a large city in Southwestern United States. The target population consisted of caregivers who were, at the time of the study, providing care in the home for a child who had a Hickman catheter in place.

One instrument was used in this study: The Perception of Caregiving Role Questionnaire. Demographic data were also collected.

Pearson product moment correlations were calculated to establish the relationships which exist between the identified variables. These coefficients were placed in the model for role adaption. Support was found for null hypotheses one and three which predicted there was no significant relationship existing between the identified variables; role clarification and role taking; and role clarification and responsibility. A significant relationship was found between role taking and responsibility, resulting in the rejection of null hypothesis two. Coefficients of determination and coefficients of nondetermination were calculated which showed 2% of the variance in role taking was explained by role clarification; 13% of the variance in responsibility was explained by role taking; and.5% of the variance in responsibility was explained by role clarification.

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Keywords

Role adaptation, Parents, Children, Hickman catheter, Caregivers of children

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