Relationships among attitudes, intentions, and adherence to medical regimen of myocardial infarction patients
Fishbein's behavioral intention model was used as the conceptual framework and the prescribed medical regimen consisted of diet, smoking, activity, medication, and stress. Data were collected from 22 male and 10 female patients recovering from a first time MI who were between the ages of 36 and 85. During hospitalization, attitudes and intentions were determined, and 2 to 3 months posthospitalization, adherence behaviors were assessed. The Pearson correlation coefficients demonstrated statistically significant relationships among attitudes, intentions, and medical regimen adherence of MI patients. For all scales, taking medication had the highest mean scores, and stopping smoking had the lowest mean scores. Multiple regression analysis indicated that intentions were stronger indicators of regimen adherence than attitudes were. The study sample held favorable attitudes toward the prescribed regimen. There was a moderate to high degree (50% to 100%) of prescribed regimen adherence.