Antisocial Personality traits and behaviors in alcohol dependent adults with early age of drinking onset

Date

2008-08

Authors

Culpa-Bondal, Maria Flordesol A.

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Abstract

Using a case-control design, a secondary analysis of the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) dataset was conducted to explore the relationship between antisocial personality traits and behaviors and the development of alcohol dependence in adults who started drinking at 12-15 years old. It was hypothesized that the development of alcohol dependence in adults who started drinking at 12-15 years old -can be predicted by the presence of antisocial personality traits and behaviors before. the age of 15 Descriptive statistics revealed homogeneous sampling between cases and controls. With the exception of the variables of gender and age of drinking onset, cases and controls did not differ on the variables of race, ethnicity, marital status, and educational attainment. Males start to drink alcohol earlier than females. Adult individuals who started drinking at 12 to 15 years old and developed alcohol dependence displayed significantly higher numbers of antisocial personality traits and behaviors before the age of 15 than those adults. who started drinking at 12 to 15 years old but did not develop alcohol dependence. A discriminant function analysis revealed that alcohol dependence for those individuals who started drinking at 12 to 15 years of age can be predicted by the presence of 3 or more antisocial personality traits and behaviors before the age of 15. The findings of this study indicate the need for early preventive programs to counter the development of alcohol dependence in individuals who start drinking at age 12 to 15 and who display antisocial traits and behaviors. Recommendations for further study are discussed.

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Keywords

Age of drinking onset, Alcohol dependence, Alcohol prevention, Alcoholism, Antisocial, Antisocial behavior

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