Role satisfaction in stay-at-home fathers: Impact of social support, gender role attitudes, and parental self-efficacy
Family and work life have interacted with one another in various ways throughout history. Recently, concerns about the demands of work interfering with family life, and vice versa, have spurred research in the area of work-family conflict. Though past research in this area has focused on mothers, changes in expectations associated with fatherhood have brought about interest in furthering understanding of how fathers might also experience conflict between work and family life. One way in which men are increasingly choosing to approach this conflict is by leaving the work realm and choosing to become primary caregivers for their children. Though the number of men staying home with their children is increasing, stay-at-home fathers continue to encounter a lack of social support as a result of taking on a traditionally feminine role. As such, this study sought to understand the gender role attitudes, social support, and parental self-efficacy of stay-at-home fathers as well as how these variables may relate to their overall role satisfaction. Pearson’s r correlations and multiple regression analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses. Overall, results indicated that gender role attitudes, social support, and parental self-efficacy were significant predictors of overall role satisfaction for stay-at-home fathers. Implications for findings and directions for future research are discussed.