Infant feeding practices and dietary consumption of US infants and toddlers: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Date

2017

Authors

Davis, Kathleen E.
Li, Xilong
Adams-Huet, Beverley
Sandon, Lona

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

Abstract

Objective: To compare infant and toddler anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes by race/ethnicity and income.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis using general linear modelling. Ten years of survey data (2003–2012) were combined to compare anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes from a nationally representative US sample.

Setting: The 2003–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

Subjects: Infants and toddlers (n 3669) aged 0–24 months.

Results: Rates of overweight were higher among Mexican-American infants and toddlers (P=0·002). There were also several differences in feeding practices among groups based on race/ethnicity. Cessation of breast-feeding occurred earlier for non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American v. non-Hispanic white infants (3·6 and 4·2 v. 5·3 months; P<0·0001; P=0·001). Age at first feeding of solids was earlier for white than Mexican-American infants (5·3 v. 5·7 months; P=0·02). There were differences in almost all feeding practices based on income, including the lowest-income infants stopped breast-feeding earlier than the highest-income infants (3·2 v. 5·8 months, P<0·0001). Several differences in mean nutrient intakes by both race/ethnicity and income were also identified.

Conclusions: Our study indicates that disparities in overweight, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes exist among infants and toddlers according to race/ethnicity, which cannot be disentangled from income.

Description

Keywords

Obesity, Pediatric, Child obesity, Feeding behaviors, Infant nutrition, Diet

Citation

This is the published version of an article that is available at https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980017003184. Recommended citation: Davis, K. E., Li, X., Adams-Huet, B., & Sandon, L. (2017). Infant feeding practices and dietary consumption of us infants and toddlers: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003–2012. Public Health Nutrition, 21(4), 711–720. This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.