Self-concept of retired women
The problem of this descriptive-comparative study was to investigate and compare the self-concept of retired career women and retired women homemakers. The accidental sample consisted of 22 white, retired women who were participants at 2 senior citizen centers located in the suburbs of a large metropolitan area in the Southwest. The subjects ranged in age from 62 to 74 years. Primary role of career woman or homemaker, and retirement from that role was by self-report. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale, developed by Fitts (1965), was used to ascertain the self-concept of individual subjects. The four scores chosen to test the hypothesis of no difference between the self-concept of retired career women and retired women homemakers were: (a) self-criticism, (b) total positive, (c) net conflict, and (d) total conflict. The difference between means of the two groups for these four scores, when subjected to a t-test, showed no statistically significant (p < .05) difference. The sample was slightly lower than the norm of the self-criticism score. Sample scores on the total positive score were somewhat higher than the norm, with the career woman group showing the highest score. For the net conflict score the sample scored much higher than the norm, with the career woman group showing the highest score. The total conflict scores for the sample were slightly higher than the norm.