Knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause in nurses and non-nurses

Date

1989-05

Authors

Schall, Frances

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Abstract

The relationship between knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause in nurses and non-nurses was investigated using a menopause knowledge questionnaire, a menopause attitude scale, and a demographic data questionnaire. Written comments about menopause were elicited from the participants. The constructs of (a) information sources and (b) beliefs and expectations constituted the base of a research generated model which provided the conceptual perspectives for this study.

The study utilized a descriptive correlational, and comparative design. The non-probability sample consisted of 189 women who were nurses and non-nurses between 20 and 60 years of age.

Relationships were analyzed using Pearson's Correlation and a t-test for independent samples was used to test for differences between the two groups. Influence of selected demographic variables as predictors of knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause was tested by multiple regression and canonical correlation techniques.

Six null hypotheses were tested. Findings indicated: (a) no significant correlations in knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause between nurses and non-nurses, (b) a significant difference in knowledge of menopause but no significant difference in attitude toward menopause between nurses and non-nurses, (c) no specific predictors of knowledge and attitude among the demographic variables, and (d) comments from the participants suggested a definite menopausal knowledge deficit and many positive and negative attitudes toward menopause are prevalent among women today.

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Keywords

Menopause, Attitudes, Nurses and non-nurses

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