Knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause in nurses and non-nurses
The relationship between knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause in nurses and non-nurses was investigated using a menopause knowledge questionnaire, a menopause attitude scale, and a demographic data questionnaire. Written comments about menopause were elicited from the participants. The constructs of (a) information sources and (b) beliefs and expectations constituted the base of a research generated model which provided the conceptual perspectives for this study.
The study utilized a descriptive correlational, and comparative design. The non-probability sample consisted of 189 women who were nurses and non-nurses between 20 and 60 years of age.
Relationships were analyzed using Pearson's Correlation and a
Six null hypotheses were tested. Findings indicated: (a) no significant correlations in knowledge of menopause and attitude toward menopause between nurses and non-nurses, (b) a significant difference in knowledge of menopause but no significant difference in attitude toward menopause between nurses and non-nurses, (c) no specific predictors of knowledge and attitude among the demographic variables, and (d) comments from the participants suggested a definite menopausal knowledge deficit and many positive and negative attitudes toward menopause are prevalent among women today.