Comparison of cognitive performance following one hour of passive heating or walking in older adults: A preliminary analysis

dc.contributor.authorClark, Cayla
dc.contributor.authorVarone, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorFlores, Alyssa
dc.contributor.authorMallillin, Joseph
dc.contributor.authorMorse, Colby
dc.contributor.authorRigby, Brandon R.
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-08T19:06:40Z
dc.date.available2023-08-08T19:06:40Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.descriptionAbstract originally published in International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings, 2(15). English. Published online 2023. https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol2/iss15/165
dc.description.abstractModerate-intensity exercise increases measures of cognitive performance such as working memory and cognitive flexibility. Hyperthermia can result in declines in cognitive performance through reduced motor function and response inhibition. However, these results have been observed during cognitive performance in the heat while core temperatures remain elevated. Heat therapy may promote improvements in cognitive function after treatment similar to exercise training by inducing a stress-related response. The purpose of this study was to compare cognitive performance immediately following one hour of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or one hour of whole-body passive heating.en_US
dc.description.abstractMETHODS: Four adults (age: 67.3 + 3.3 years, BMI: 29.0 + 5.4 kg/m2, 2 female) participated in a randomized repeated measures study. Participants completed either one hour of moderate intensity walking on a treadmill (TM; 65-75% age-predicted maximum heart rate) or one hour of seated passive heating (HEAT) in a controlled environmental heat chamber (32-35 degrees Celsius, < 40% humidity). Cognitive performance was measured using computerized software (Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics, ANAM, Vista LifeSciences, Inc.), which provides objective measures of cognitive performance through a variety of test batteries designed to measure variables such as motor coordination, cognitive flexibility, and response inhibition. Variables were analyzed as a change in score from the familiarization exam (pre- or post-treatment minus – baseline) to minimize the learning effect.
dc.description.abstractRESULTS: No differences between measures of motor coordination (TM: 6 + 12.7 vs. 5 + 12.7; HEAT: 0 + 1.4 vs. -1 + 1.4), cognitive flexibility (TM: -1 + 1.4 vs. 1.5 + 0.7; HEAT: 3.5 + 0.7 vs. 3.5 + 0.7), or response inhibition (TM: 17 + 22.6 vs. 23.5 + 23.3; HEAT: 1.5 + 2.1 vs. 8 + 2.8) were found following either treatment.
dc.description.abstractCONCLUSION: One bout of moderate intensity aerobic exercise or whole-body passive heating does not impair cognitive performance. In addition, one hour of passive heating does not result in decreased cognitive performance in older adults. Post-hyperthermic stress response did not impair cognitive function.
dc.identifier.citationThis is an abstract that is available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol2/iss15/165. Recommended citation: Clark, C., Varone, N., Flores, A., Mallillin, J., Morse, C., & Rigby, B. (2023). Comparison of cognitive performance following one hour of passive heating or walking in older adults: A preliminary analysis. International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings, 2(15). This item has been deposited in accordance with publisher copyright and licensing terms and with the author’s permission.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11274/15352
dc.identifier.urihttps://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol2/iss15/165
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherTopSCHOLAR®en_US
dc.subjectModerate-intensity exerciseen_US
dc.subjectWorking memoryen_US
dc.subjectCognitive flexibilityen_US
dc.titleComparison of cognitive performance following one hour of passive heating or walking in older adults: A preliminary analysisen_US
dc.typeAbstracten_US

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