The relationship between lower limb power and anthropometric characteristics and gymnastics success




Goerlitz, Gretchen

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The aim of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between lower limb and upper body power and anthropometric measurements and gymnastics success in collegiate athletes on the vault apparatus. Seven 18-22 year old female gymnasts on the Texas Woman's University gymnastic team performed an arm countermovement vertical jump, a running vertical jump, and a handstand push-off task on a force plate. Participants had circumference measures of calf and thigh and leg length taken. A DXA scan measured fat mass and lean mass. Vault success was measured using the highest vault score of the season as well as a standard vault in which the distance was measured. A regression analysis was performed and no significant results were found. Circumference and fat mass measures had the highest beta weights indicating they had the strongest relationship to gymnastics success.



Health and environmental sciences, Arm countermovement vertical jump, Running vertical jump, Handstand push-off task